Download Anthrax

yes no Was this document useful for you?
   Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Document related concepts

Neglected tropical diseases wikipedia, lookup

Kawasaki disease wikipedia, lookup

Germ theory of disease wikipedia, lookup

Behçet's disease wikipedia, lookup

Sociality and disease transmission wikipedia, lookup

Urinary tract infection wikipedia, lookup

Systemic scleroderma wikipedia, lookup

Neonatal infection wikipedia, lookup

Schistosomiasis wikipedia, lookup

Onchocerciasis wikipedia, lookup

Infection wikipedia, lookup

Chickenpox wikipedia, lookup

Traveler's diarrhea wikipedia, lookup

Gastroenteritis wikipedia, lookup

Hospital-acquired infection wikipedia, lookup

Multiple sclerosis signs and symptoms wikipedia, lookup

Infection control wikipedia, lookup

Globalization and disease wikipedia, lookup

Common cold wikipedia, lookup

Coccidioidomycosis wikipedia, lookup

Childhood immunizations in the United States wikipedia, lookup

Transmission (medicine) wikipedia, lookup

Acute infectious disease caused by bacillus anthracis.
Infections in humans:
Skin contact – cutaneous, ingestion-gastrointestinal, inhalation-pumonary
Person-to-person transmission of inhalation disease does not occur. *
*direct exposure to vesicle secretions of cutaneous anthrax can result in a secondary
Pulmonary signs and symptoms:
Flu-like symptoms that may briefly improve two to four days after initial
 Abrupt onset of respiratory failure
 Hemodynamic collapse
 Thoracic edema
 Widened mediastinum on xray
 Positive blood culture in 2-3 days of illness
Good if treated early. Increased mortality rate if treated after respiratory
Cutaneous signs and symptoms:
Local skin involvement with direct contact
Commonly seen on head, forearms, or hands
Localized itching followed by popular lesion that turns vescular within 2-6 days
– develops into depressed black eschar
Good if treated with antibiotics.
Gastrointestinal signs and symptoms:
Abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, fever
Bloody diarrhea, hematemesis
Positive culture after 2-3 days
If progression to toxemia and sepsis, prognosis is poor.
Modes of transmission:
Inhalation of spores
Skin contact
Ingestion of contaminated food
Incubation period:
Pulmonary: 2-60 days
Cutaneous: 1-7 days
Gastrointestinal: 1-7 days
Anthrax is not airborne person to person. Direct contact with infectious skin
lesions can transmit infection.
Vaccine available-limited quantities.