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Transcript
APPLICATION NOTES FOR USE
WITH SPELLMAN HIGH VOLTAGE
POWER SUPPLIES
Application Note Number: AN-10
Revision: 4-21-13
AN-10
Fixed polarity, reversible polarity, four quadrant operation…a simple
explanation.
Most of the products Spellman manufactures and sells are DC high voltage
power supplies. DC power supplies have some fundamental limitations as to their
operational capability. To understand what a typical DC high voltage power
supply can do with respect to output voltage, current and power convention it is
helpful to use a Cartesian coordinate system as shown in the figure below.
Output current and voltage are shown on the respective horizontal and vertical
axis and four operational quadrants are created.
Quadrants One and Three are the characteristic operating parameters of a power
supply where power is being provided to the output. Quadrant One identifies a
positive output polarity power supply whereas quadrant Three identifies a
negative polarity output power supply.
475 Wireless Boulevard • Hauppauge New York 11788, USA • www.spellmanhv.com • T:+1 631.630.3000 • F:+1 631.435.1620
Quadrants Two and Four are the characteristic operating parameters of a load
where power is being absorbed from the output. This realm is typically not a
functional capability of Spellman’s standard DC high voltage power supplies.
Many of Spellman’s power supplies do have the ability to reverse their output
polarity; typically either a wiring change or a complete exchange of the high
voltage output section is required. Due to this fact our units cannot smoothly and
seamlessly control through zero and cross back and forth easily between
quadrants One and Three. Even units like our CZE Series that have complete
and distinct positive and negative output sections that use a high voltage relay to
change output polarity still require the output voltage to fully decay to zero before
a polarity change can be implemented.