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Transcript
Başkent University
Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering
EEM 311 Electronics II
Experiment 11
RC PHASE-SHIFT OSCILLATORS
Theory
Oscillator circuits can be built using opamps with feedback to phase-shift the
output signal by 180º. Phase-shift: In a phase-shift oscillator, as shown in Figure
1 three sections of resistor-capacitor are used. The resulting oscillator frequency
can be calculated using
1
f=
2 6 RC
For the opamp to cause the circuit to oscillate requires that the op-amp gain be of
magnitude 29.
R1
Figure 1.
Preliminary Work
Construct the circuit in Figure1. And record the output waveform of the oscillator
circuit.
Procedure
1. Construct the circuit of Figure 1 with a Rf= 500 K potentiometer, R1=22 K,
R=100 K and C=1 nF. (Measure and record resistor values in Figure 1 )
2. Use the oscilloscope to record the output waveform of the oscillator circuit.
Adjust Rf for maximum undistorted output waveform Vo. Record value of
rf for this undistorted condition.
3. Measure and record the time for one cycle of the waveform.
4. Determine the frequency of the waveform.
5. Replace the capacitors with C=10 nF and repeat steps 3-4.
6. Calculate the theoretical frequency using the equation in theory part.
7. Compare the measured and calculated frequency for both capacitors.
Experiment List
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741 op-amp
2-DC power supplies (±10V)
Analog signal generator
Resistors: 1*22K, 2*100K
Potentiometer: 1*500 K
Capacitors: 1* 15 µF, 3* 1 nF, 3*10 nF
References
Electronic Devices and Circuit Theory, Sixth Edition, Robert L. Boylestad, Louis
Nashelsky.
REPORT
1.
Vout
Vin
Rf = ........
2. T = .......
3. f = 1/T
f = .......
4. T2 = .......
F = .........
5. f (calculated) =....................
f2(calculated) = .................
6. Commands: