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Transcript
Name _____________________________
Cumulative Study Guide – Social Studies 6th Grade
Mrs. Hawthorne’s Class
CIVILIZATION:
FIVE THEMES OF GEOGRAPHY
1. MOVEMENT – People and Ideas Get Around
The first civilizations developed in river valleys.
2. REGIONS – What do locations have in common?
The area called Mesopotamia is in a region called the Fertile Crescent. This is a
curving strip of good farmland in the Middle East.
3. LOCATION – Tells you where it is
Mesopotamia means “the land between the rivers,” in Greek. (Tigris and
Euphrates)
4. INTERACTIONS BETWEEN HUMANS AND THEIR ENVIRONMENT - What do the
people do to the environment? What does the environment do for the people?
Farmers used water to irrigate their fields. The rivers would flood and deposit silt,
small particles of soil, that are good for farming.
5. PLACE – What is it like when you get there?
Sumerians invented cuneiform, a system of writing that used wedge-shaped marks
in soft clay. The Hanging Gardens of Babylon are known as one of the Seven
Wonders of the Ancient World.
ECONOMY –
Rivers encouraged travel which led to trade routes. Surplus of food allowed for specialization
and a market economy.
Babylon became rich from trade because it was located on a major trade route between the
Mediterranean Sea and the Persian Gulf. (See page 74-75.)
GOVERNMENT –
Monarchy – King or Queen
In several areas of the Mesopotamia Region the monarch controlled the storage of grain.
(Command Economy)
KEY HISTORICAL FIGURE(S) –
The Babylonian King, Hammurabi, is best known for creating a set of laws. Known as
Hammurabi’s Code, it was very strict but protected the less powerful. (eye for an eye and tooth
for a tooth)
The Chaldean king who rebuilt Babylon was Nebuchadnezzar.
RELIGION Polytheism – The belief in many gods.
MISC –
Sumerians were the first to use the wheel!
The calendar created by Sumerians was based on the cycle of the moon.
The Hittites taught the Assyrians how to use stronger metals for weapons. (Iron)
Timeline
Around 3000 BC
River Valley Civilizations emerge including the city-state of Sumer
2400 BC
Sumer was taken over by King Sargon who combined many territories creating an empire
1800 BC
The Amorites conquer this area and create the grand city of Babylon (King Hammurabi)
800 BC
Assyrians take over the region
612 BC
The Chaldeans defeated Assyria.
539 BC
The Persians captured Babylon.