Download Disadvantage - Colts Neck School

yes no Was this document useful for you?
   Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Document related concepts

Ancient Greek religion wikipedia, lookup

Theorica wikipedia, lookup

Direct democracy wikipedia, lookup

300 (film) wikipedia, lookup

Epikleros wikipedia, lookup

Ancient Greek warfare wikipedia, lookup

Corinthian War wikipedia, lookup

Spartan army wikipedia, lookup

Athenian democracy wikipedia, lookup

Study Guide-Topics 7-10
Topics 7-8
 Leader created a Constitution which gave Athenians rights, such as
freedom of speech.
 This became a direct democracy.
 Still you could not say certain thing against the gods.
 Most free males over 18 could be citizens after swearing an oath to Zeus.
 Citizens could elect generals or veto decisions when they met in the
Assembly, where all citizens could evaluate decisions. This happened many
times a year.
 At 20, they could be randomly chosen in the Council of 500.
 This group would make daily decisions. This was so that no good speaker
could take over since each Athenian should be educated enough to help
run the country.
 One-general rule during times of war.
 Strong people could be voted out of Athens, or ostracized.
 Aristocrats were true Spartan citizens; helots and perioeci would do
non-military work.
 There were many more helots and perioeci than Aristocrats.
 Helots were the slaves and pereoci were the merchants/artisans.
 Two kings would have little power, other than running the army and
 Sparta was an oligarchy, meaning government “by a few.”
 Five ephors would act as city managers and run the Spartan
 Council of Elders, men over 60 chosen for life, would suggest laws
and serve as a high court
 Once over 20 years old, Spartan citizens could join the Assembly,
which didn’t do a lot other than decide minor laws/war plans.
 Soldiers would vote by making noise with their weapons/shields
 Though no voting power, women had more respect in Sparta, as they
were seen as vital to making strong Spartan children
Topics 9-10
*Many countries are a mix of systems
Direct Democracy -
Dem (people)
 Run directly by the people; everyone gets to vote (remember everyone
kept voting for themselves in class)
 Found in Ancient Athens (class activity represented Athens), Town Budgets,
Ballot questions
 Advantages- everyone gets a say in decision
Many opinions
School preparation for leading
 Disadvantages- People might not make a good decision
Are people capable, willing to be there?
Oligarchy- Olig (few, little, several)
 A few select people run the government
 Found in Ancient Sparta (remember Mr. C picked the five oldest to make
the decision, while the rest of the class worked), Saudi Arabia, Russia
 Advantages- quicker decisions
Several opinions
 Disadvantages- selections may not be fair
What is the characteristic of the leader?
How much of a say do citizens have?
Republic- Rep(thing, affair…. Republic means affair of the people)
Also known as Representative Democracy
Most well used
Rep/res publica “Affair of the people”
Elected representatives run the government
Names of leaders: President, Prime Minister
Found in United States, Germany, Italy, U.K., Japan
Advantages- saves time
People have time for other things (while certain people vote,
others carry out schedule of their everyday lives)
Still have a say in republic
Many opinions
Disadvantages- Once elected; no vote until reelection
Dictatorship- Dic(to say, to assert)
 One person controls everything; usually takes power by force; few
 Locations: Libya (former), Zimbabwe, North Korea
Advantage- quick decision (only advantage)
Disadvantages- not fair to individual people
Few ideas
Leader/friends benefit
People do not own rights
Monarchy- Mono(one)
 One person rules, usually by birth right
 King, queen, emperor
 Found in United Kingdoms, Jordan, Qatar
 U.K.- “constitutional monarchy”
Advantages-quick decision
Knowledge of country-training
Disadvantage-one person decision
Is family line always a good characteristic?
Theocracy- Theo (god/belief)
 Government run according to beliefs of religion
 Found in Ancient Egypt, Ancient Mesopotamia, Iran, parts of Afghanistan
 Vatican city
Disadvantage- not everyone has same religious belief
Communism- Com (together, with)
 Communism government owns all property, what is best for the country
opposed to individuals
 Found in China, Cuba, Vietnam
 Former Soviet Union
Advantages- everyone gets a share
Disadvantages- no strive to work harder everyone gets a share
Government owns all property