Download CH 10-2 Lesson 1

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After Charlemagne Kings lost power. Land-owning
nobles raised armies, collected taxes & imposed laws.
Nobles protected people in return for service. Fighting
in the army or farming.
This social order - Feudalism.
By the 1000’s – hundreds of feudal territories.
Lord- high ranking noble with authority over others.
Vassal – low ranking noble who served a Lord.
Vassal helped in battle and was given Land (Fief)
Knights were armed warriors fighting on horseback.
Nobles were the most powerful, Lords and Knights
defended the society.
Chivalry- Code for Knights. “Obey, Respect & Honor”
Knights trained by fighting in tournaments.
The castle was the center of the estate.
Nobles, knights and peasants all relied on the land.
A manor was a faming community ran by a noble.
A manor had a castle, the fields and a village.
Freemen paid the noble to farm the land. Worked only
their land and had rights. Could move.
Most were Serfs. They were tied to the manor.
Could not own property, move or marry w/o permission.
Serfs worked 3 days for nobles and then for themselves
Gave crops to the noble, paid to use the mill, oven.
Peasants lived in simple cottages in villages.
Worked year round planting, harvesting & livestock.
Peasants would break on Sunday for church and feasts.
Women worked the fields, raised children and cooked.
Manors produced enough food for the peasants & lords.
Heavy wheeled plow w/ iron blade. Horse collar. Helped
farmers grow more food.
Used Water and Wind power for grinding, sawing.
3 Field crop rotation.
• How did the lives of Serfs and
Freeman differ?