Download Greek Gods

Survey
yes no Was this document useful for you?
   Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Document related concepts

Iliad wikipedia, lookup

Mycenae wikipedia, lookup

Persephone wikipedia, lookup

Greek mythology in popular culture wikipedia, lookup

The God Beneath the Sea wikipedia, lookup

Transcript
Greek
Gods
Greek Gods
God?
Agnosticism
(no one can know)
Atheism
(there is no God)
Monotheism
Pantheism
Polytheism
(there is one God) (everything is God) (there are many gods)
EXAMPLES:
EXAMPLES:
EXAMPLES:
EXAMPLES:
EXAMPLES:
Skepticism
Existentialism
Judaism
Buddhism
Shinto
Pluralism
Secularism
Islam
Daoism
Greco-Roman
Relativism
Nihilism
Christianity
Animism
Sikhism
Non-religious
* Catholic
* Orthodox
* Protestant
Hinduism
Maya/Aztec/Inca
Postmodernism
Greek Gods
The Titans
In Greek mythology, the Titans were a race of gods of Earth and
Heaven. The first twelve Titans were Oceanus, Hyperion, Coeus,
Cronus, Cruis, Iapetus, along with the Titanesses Mnemosyne, Tethys,
Theia, Phoebe, Rhea and Themis. Sometimes, other gods are included
with the Titans (Hyperion’s children: Eos, Helios and Selene, Coeus’s
daughters: Leto and Asteria, Oceanus’ daughter Metis, and Cruis’s
sons: Astraeus, Pallas and Perses).
According to Greek mythology, the Titans were overthrown by a race of
younger gods called the Olympians in the War of the Titans.
Greek Gods
The 12 Olympians (below) are distinguished separately from the
Titans and from other minor Greek gods. Sometimes Dionysus, Hades,
and Persephone are included with the Olympians as well.
Zeus – (Chief) god of sky and air
Hera – (Chief) goddess of marriage
Poseidon – God of the sea
Demeter – goddess of harvest, nature
Athena – Goddess of Wisdom
Hestia – Goddess of the Hearth
Apollo – God of poetry, music, sun
Artemis – Goddess of hunting
Ares – God of war
Aphrodite – Goddess of beauty
Hephaestus – God of blacksmiths
Hermes – Messenger of the gods
Greek Gods
See if you can match the descriptions to
the pictures and determine who is who…
The 12 Olympians:
Zeus – (Chief) god of sky and air
Hera – (Chief) goddess of marriage
Poseidon – God of the sea
Demeter – goddess of harvest, nature
Athena – Goddess of Wisdom
Hestia – Goddess of the Hearth
Apollo – God of poetry, music, sun
Artemis – Goddess of hunting
Ares – God of war
Aphrodite – Goddess of beauty
Hephaestus – God of blacksmiths
Hermes – Messenger of the gods
Sometimes Dionysus, Hades, or
Persephone are included with the
Olympians
Hephaestus
Ares
Hermes
Zeus
Demeter
Dionysus
Athena
Hera
Hestia
Poseidon
Artemis
Aphrodite
Apollo
Greek Gods
Heracles, who the Romans called ‘Hercules’, was a
divine hero and the mythical son of Zeus. In Greek
mythology Heracles was associated with masculinity,
royalty, courage, ingenuity, strength and intelligence. His
character is still popular in video games, movies and on
television.
Greek Gods
Greek Gods Appearing in Homer’s The Odyssey…
Aphrodite (goddess of beauty and love)
Apollo (god of music, light)
Ares (god of war)
Artemis (god of moon, hunting)
Athena (goddess of wisdom, justice)
Circe (goddess of sorcery, herbal medicine)
Demeter (goddess of harvest, fertility)
Dionysus (god of wine, fertility)
Eos (goddess of wind, dawn)
Gaia (goddess of earth)
Hades (god of the underworld)
Hebe (goddess of youth)
Hephaestus (god of fire)
Hera (Chief goddess of marriage)
Hermes (messenger of the gods)
Oceanus (god of the ocean)
Persephone (goddess of the underworld, plants)
Poseidon (god of the sea)
Themis (goddess of law, justice, order)
Zeus (chief god of light and sky)
Greek Gods
Greek Gods mentioned in Homer’s The Iliad…
Major Deities aiding
the Greeks
Hera
Athena
Poseidon
Minor deities –
Iris
Thetis
Proteus
Neutral Deities
Zeus
Hades
Hermes
Hephaestus
Major Deities aiding
the Trojans
Artemis
Apollo
Aphrodite
Ares
Minor deities –
Eris
Leto
Scamander
Phobos
Deimos
Greek Gods
Here are some other well-known stories from Greek mythology…
Medusa and Perseus: a monster so
hideous that anyone laying eyes on her
would be turned to stone. Perseus used the
reflection of his shield to locate Medusa
before chopping off her head.
Eros and Psyche: a mythical love story, similar to a
beauty and the beast story since Psyche was a beautiful
princess and Cupid was her invisible, divine husband
Greek Gods
Here are some other well-known stories from Greek mythology…
Minotaur: a half bull-half human stepson of King Minos
Metamorphoses: a story by Roman writer Ovid about
mythological Greek figures who have undergone
transformations
Greek Gods
Word Sort!
Why use Word Sort? Word Sort allows students to engage with
content-specific vocabulary and accesses higher-level thinking
and various levels of Bloom’s taxonomy.
When to use: Word Sort can be used as an introduction to a
lesson, as a stand-alone assignment, as review or as an
assessment.
How to use: Students can work individually, in partners or in
groups in order to put the words, definitions or examples into
the correct columns.
Variations: Using scissors to cut out the words and arrange them
is a more hands-on approach and accomplishes the same
lesson.
Greek Gods Word Sort
Word
Example
Definition
1
a divine being
god
belief in multiple gods
2
The Iliad
3
4
5
myth
Zeus
divine hero
a fictitious story
Heracles
one of 12 Greek gods
Zeus
Olympian
polytheism
a powerful demi-god
Greco-Roman
Greek Gods Word Sort
Word
Definition
Example
1
god
a divine being
Zeus
2
divine hero
a powerful demi-god
Heracles
3
myth
a fictitious story
The Iliad
4
Olympian
one of 12 Greek gods
Zeus
5
polytheism
belief in multiple gods
Greco-Roman
Greek Gods
Explain this cartoon…
Greek Gods
Hellenism
The Greek influence on the rest of western culture
is enormous. From democracy, mythology and art to
language, words and alphabets, many customs and
aspects of western culture can be traced back to the
Greeks.
Hellenism refers to the ‘spread of Greek culture’. In
fact, if you looked at a map of Greece written in the Greek
language, it would say Elláda (Ελλάδα) or Hellas.
Greek Gods
Hellenism = the spread of Greek culture
Due in part to Greek writers and historians, and due
in part to Greek conquerors and military success, much of
the Western world has been effected by the Greeks. The
next major power that would control the lands around the
Mediterranean Sea for almost 1000 years was the Roman
Republic, which later became the Roman Empire.
Greek Gods
Hellenism = the spread of Greek culture
Roman Culture was influenced by Greek culture in
countless ways, including: architecture, religion,
government, art, language, currency, and agriculture. The
two cultures were so similar, that historians sometimes just
refer to both Greek and Roman culture at the same time,
saying “Greco-Roman Culture”.
Word Sort
Greek
Roman
Venus
Description
Goddess of beauty
Goddess of wisdom Hermes
Athena
God of War
Minerva
Aphrodite
Chief god – sky and air
Jupiter
Apollon
God of the sea
Apollo
Mars
Ares
God of poetry, music, sun
Poseidon
Zeus
Neptune
Messenger of the gods
Mercury
Word Sort
Greek
Aphrodite
Roman
Description
Venus
Goddess of beauty
Athena
Minerva
Goddess of wisdom
Zeus
Jupiter
Chief god – sky and air
Apollon
Apollo
Ares
Mars
God of poetry, music, sun
God of War
Hermes
Mercury
Messenger of the gods
Poseidon
Neptune
God of the sea
Word Sort (extra credit)
Hera
Greek
Aphrodite
Artemis
Athena
Demeter
Hestia
Zeus
Apollon
Ares
Hephaistos
Hermes
Poseidon
Roman
Juno
Venus
Diana
Minerva
Ceres
Vesta
Jupiter
Apollo
Mars
Vulcan
Mercury
Neptune
Description
Chief Goddess - Marriage
Goddess of beauty
Goddess of hunting
Goddess of wisdom
Goddess of harvest, nature
Goddess of the Earth
Chief god – sky and air
God of poetry, music, sun
God of War
God of blacksmiths
Messenger of the gods
God of the sea
Greek Gods
How many planets are named after Roman gods???
Which is the only planet named after a Greek god???
Greek Gods
How many planets are named after Roman gods???
Which is the only planet named after a Greek god???