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Greek Gods Greek Gods God? Agnosticism (no one can know) Atheism (there is no God) Monotheism Pantheism Polytheism (there is one God) (everything is God) (there are many gods) EXAMPLES: EXAMPLES: EXAMPLES: EXAMPLES: EXAMPLES: Skepticism Existentialism Judaism Buddhism Shinto Pluralism Secularism Islam Daoism Greco-Roman Relativism Nihilism Christianity Animism Sikhism Non-religious * Catholic * Orthodox * Protestant Hinduism Maya/Aztec/Inca Postmodernism Greek Gods The Titans In Greek mythology, the Titans were a race of gods of Earth and Heaven. The first twelve Titans were Oceanus, Hyperion, Coeus, Cronus, Cruis, Iapetus, along with the Titanesses Mnemosyne, Tethys, Theia, Phoebe, Rhea and Themis. Sometimes, other gods are included with the Titans (Hyperion’s children: Eos, Helios and Selene, Coeus’s daughters: Leto and Asteria, Oceanus’ daughter Metis, and Cruis’s sons: Astraeus, Pallas and Perses). According to Greek mythology, the Titans were overthrown by a race of younger gods called the Olympians in the War of the Titans. Greek Gods The 12 Olympians (below) are distinguished separately from the Titans and from other minor Greek gods. Sometimes Dionysus, Hades, and Persephone are included with the Olympians as well. Zeus – (Chief) god of sky and air Hera – (Chief) goddess of marriage Poseidon – God of the sea Demeter – goddess of harvest, nature Athena – Goddess of Wisdom Hestia – Goddess of the Hearth Apollo – God of poetry, music, sun Artemis – Goddess of hunting Ares – God of war Aphrodite – Goddess of beauty Hephaestus – God of blacksmiths Hermes – Messenger of the gods Greek Gods See if you can match the descriptions to the pictures and determine who is who… The 12 Olympians: Zeus – (Chief) god of sky and air Hera – (Chief) goddess of marriage Poseidon – God of the sea Demeter – goddess of harvest, nature Athena – Goddess of Wisdom Hestia – Goddess of the Hearth Apollo – God of poetry, music, sun Artemis – Goddess of hunting Ares – God of war Aphrodite – Goddess of beauty Hephaestus – God of blacksmiths Hermes – Messenger of the gods Sometimes Dionysus, Hades, or Persephone are included with the Olympians Hephaestus Ares Hermes Zeus Demeter Dionysus Athena Hera Hestia Poseidon Artemis Aphrodite Apollo Greek Gods Heracles, who the Romans called ‘Hercules’, was a divine hero and the mythical son of Zeus. In Greek mythology Heracles was associated with masculinity, royalty, courage, ingenuity, strength and intelligence. His character is still popular in video games, movies and on television. Greek Gods Greek Gods Appearing in Homer’s The Odyssey… Aphrodite (goddess of beauty and love) Apollo (god of music, light) Ares (god of war) Artemis (god of moon, hunting) Athena (goddess of wisdom, justice) Circe (goddess of sorcery, herbal medicine) Demeter (goddess of harvest, fertility) Dionysus (god of wine, fertility) Eos (goddess of wind, dawn) Gaia (goddess of earth) Hades (god of the underworld) Hebe (goddess of youth) Hephaestus (god of fire) Hera (Chief goddess of marriage) Hermes (messenger of the gods) Oceanus (god of the ocean) Persephone (goddess of the underworld, plants) Poseidon (god of the sea) Themis (goddess of law, justice, order) Zeus (chief god of light and sky) Greek Gods Greek Gods mentioned in Homer’s The Iliad… Major Deities aiding the Greeks Hera Athena Poseidon Minor deities – Iris Thetis Proteus Neutral Deities Zeus Hades Hermes Hephaestus Major Deities aiding the Trojans Artemis Apollo Aphrodite Ares Minor deities – Eris Leto Scamander Phobos Deimos Greek Gods Here are some other well-known stories from Greek mythology… Medusa and Perseus: a monster so hideous that anyone laying eyes on her would be turned to stone. Perseus used the reflection of his shield to locate Medusa before chopping off her head. Eros and Psyche: a mythical love story, similar to a beauty and the beast story since Psyche was a beautiful princess and Cupid was her invisible, divine husband Greek Gods Here are some other well-known stories from Greek mythology… Minotaur: a half bull-half human stepson of King Minos Metamorphoses: a story by Roman writer Ovid about mythological Greek figures who have undergone transformations Greek Gods Word Sort! Why use Word Sort? Word Sort allows students to engage with content-specific vocabulary and accesses higher-level thinking and various levels of Bloom’s taxonomy. When to use: Word Sort can be used as an introduction to a lesson, as a stand-alone assignment, as review or as an assessment. How to use: Students can work individually, in partners or in groups in order to put the words, definitions or examples into the correct columns. Variations: Using scissors to cut out the words and arrange them is a more hands-on approach and accomplishes the same lesson. Greek Gods Word Sort Word Example Definition 1 a divine being god belief in multiple gods 2 The Iliad 3 4 5 myth Zeus divine hero a fictitious story Heracles one of 12 Greek gods Zeus Olympian polytheism a powerful demi-god Greco-Roman Greek Gods Word Sort Word Definition Example 1 god a divine being Zeus 2 divine hero a powerful demi-god Heracles 3 myth a fictitious story The Iliad 4 Olympian one of 12 Greek gods Zeus 5 polytheism belief in multiple gods Greco-Roman Greek Gods Explain this cartoon… Greek Gods Hellenism The Greek influence on the rest of western culture is enormous. From democracy, mythology and art to language, words and alphabets, many customs and aspects of western culture can be traced back to the Greeks. Hellenism refers to the ‘spread of Greek culture’. In fact, if you looked at a map of Greece written in the Greek language, it would say Elláda (Ελλάδα) or Hellas. Greek Gods Hellenism = the spread of Greek culture Due in part to Greek writers and historians, and due in part to Greek conquerors and military success, much of the Western world has been effected by the Greeks. The next major power that would control the lands around the Mediterranean Sea for almost 1000 years was the Roman Republic, which later became the Roman Empire. Greek Gods Hellenism = the spread of Greek culture Roman Culture was influenced by Greek culture in countless ways, including: architecture, religion, government, art, language, currency, and agriculture. The two cultures were so similar, that historians sometimes just refer to both Greek and Roman culture at the same time, saying “Greco-Roman Culture”. Word Sort Greek Roman Venus Description Goddess of beauty Goddess of wisdom Hermes Athena God of War Minerva Aphrodite Chief god – sky and air Jupiter Apollon God of the sea Apollo Mars Ares God of poetry, music, sun Poseidon Zeus Neptune Messenger of the gods Mercury Word Sort Greek Aphrodite Roman Description Venus Goddess of beauty Athena Minerva Goddess of wisdom Zeus Jupiter Chief god – sky and air Apollon Apollo Ares Mars God of poetry, music, sun God of War Hermes Mercury Messenger of the gods Poseidon Neptune God of the sea Word Sort (extra credit) Hera Greek Aphrodite Artemis Athena Demeter Hestia Zeus Apollon Ares Hephaistos Hermes Poseidon Roman Juno Venus Diana Minerva Ceres Vesta Jupiter Apollo Mars Vulcan Mercury Neptune Description Chief Goddess - Marriage Goddess of beauty Goddess of hunting Goddess of wisdom Goddess of harvest, nature Goddess of the Earth Chief god – sky and air God of poetry, music, sun God of War God of blacksmiths Messenger of the gods God of the sea Greek Gods How many planets are named after Roman gods??? Which is the only planet named after a Greek god??? Greek Gods How many planets are named after Roman gods??? Which is the only planet named after a Greek god???