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Transcript
Study Guide for Chapter 6: Empires of Mesopotamia
1.
Why couldn’t Sumerian city-states defend themselves from stronger groups? THEY WERE
SEPARATED AND NOT JOINED TOGETHER
2. Draw a timeline that shows the four Empires of Mesopotamia and their leaders.
AKKADIA-- SARGON; BABYLONIA- HAMMURABI; ASSYRIA-MANY KINGS; NEO-NEBACHADREZZER
3. How were the Akkadians able to control Sumer? MILITARY STRATEGY
4. What were some items that the Babylonians traded? GRAIN & WOVEN CLOTH FOR WOOD,
GOLD/SILVER, LIVESTOCK
5. Who created a code of laws that can be summarized by “an eye for an eye; a tooth for a tooth”?
HAMMURABI
6.
What characteristic made the Akkadians, Babylonians, Assyrians, and Neo-Babylonians gain the
title of “empire”? CONTROL OF A LARGE AREA
7. What is a stele? STONE SCULPTURE ON WHICH THINGS WERE WRITTEN
8. What was the “tribute” that the Akkadians collected from conquered peoples in order to build
their capital city? TAXES, WEALTH
9. True or False? It was difficult for empires to control the large area they conquered. TRUE
10. True or False? The legal system of Babylon included giving women rights. TRUE
11. What were the Hanging Gardens of Babylon and where were they located? GARDENS THAT
WERE CREATED TO DECORATE THE HIGH ROYAL PALACE
12. Why can Nebuchadrezzar be considered “infamous”? EXILED THE ISRAELITES FROM THEIR LAND
13. Why did the Assyrians build aqueducts? TO BRING WATER INTO THEIR CITY
14. What city was the capital of the Assyrian Empire? NINEVEH
15. What devices and strategies did the Assyrians use to conquer other cities? BATTERING RAM,
MOVING TOWER, SEIGE TECHNIQUE
16. List one achievement for each of the four Empires of Mesopotamia.
Akkadian—FIRST EMPIRE
Babylonian—CODE OF LAWS
Assyrian—WAR TECHNIQUES
Neo-Babylonian—HANGING GARDENS