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IB Sport, Exercise, and Health Science
Mid-Year Exam
Name _____________________________________
Date _________________
Block
Day
1
2
3
4
A
B
Part One: Musculoskeletal Anatomy
Directions: Please match the word with the correct definition. (2 pts each)
1.________Lateral
a. Closer to the midline of the body
2.________Inferior
b. Further away from the midline of
body
3.________Medial
c. Below or further away from the
head.
4.________External
d. Above or nearer to the head
5.________Superior
e. Located on or near the surface
6.________Internal
f. Behind or nearer to the back
7.________Proximal
g. In front of or nearer to the front
8.________Distal
h. Located inside or further away
from the surface
9.________Posterior
i. Further away from where a limb
attaches from the body
10._______Anterior
j. Nearer to where a limb attaches
to the body
11. _______Gliding joint
k. Sphere shaped head of one bone fits
into a rounded cavity on the other bone
1
12. _______Ball and Socket
l. Usually flat or slightly curved bones
13. _______Saddle joint
m. A saddle shaped bone fits against
another bone shaped like a horse rider
14. _______Hinge joint
n. A convex surface fits into a concave
surface
15. _______Pivot joint
o. Oval or egg shaped convex surface fits
Into a reciprocally shaped concave surface
16. _______Condyloid joint
p. Rounded surface of one bone rolls
around in a ring formed by bone and
ligament
17. _______Fibrous joints
q. Limited movement allowed
18. _______Synovial joints
r. Most commonly occurring joint in the
Body
19. _______Cartilaginous
s. Have no movement
20. _______Myofibrils
t. Light and dark bands that give muscle
its striated appearance
2
Directions: Fill in the chart below with the appropriate answer. You are to list
either the origin or the insertion. Use the key below the chart and place the
correct letter in the corresponding box. (4 pts each)
Muscle
Pectoralis Major
Origin
Sternum, clavicle,
anterior ribs
Latissimus Dorsi
Erector Spinae
Humerous
Ribs, cervical, thoracic,
and lumbar vertebrae,
ilium
Rectus Abdominus
Sartorius
Insertion
5th to 7th ribs and
sternum
Illium
Gluteus Maximus
Lateral Femur
A = Posterior ilium, sacrum, and coccyx
B = Sacrum, ilium, thoracic and lumbar vertebrae
C = Pubis
D = Humerus
E = Ribs, cervical, thoracic, and lumbar vertebrae
F = Medial tibia
3
Directions: Choose the best answer for each statement/question. (2 pts each)
1. The most important bone for movement is:
a.
b.
c.
d.
Long
Short
Flat
Irregular
2. The longest bone in the body is:
a.
b.
c.
D.
Humerus
Femur
Tibia
Radius
3. The quadriceps muscle group is made up of the following muscles:
a.
b.
c.
d.
Rectus femoris, vastus lateralis, vatus medialis, vastus intermedius
Biceps femoris, semitendinosus, semimembranosus
Pectoralis major, anterior deltoid
Supraspinatus, subscapularis, infraspinatus
4. The most important shoulder joint muscle is:
a.
b.
c.
d.
Deltoid
Bicep
Triceps
Hamstring
5. The most important hip joint muscle is:
a.
b.
c.
d.
Gluteus maximus
Iliopsoas
Hamstring
Quadriceps
6. The longest muscle in the body is:
a.
b.
c.
d.
Sartorius
Latissimus dorsi
Hamstring
Biceps
4
7. What type of joint is the elbow?
a.
b.
c.
d.
Gliding
Saddle
Hinge
Pivot
8. There are ___________layers of fascia found in muscle:
a.
b.
c.
d.
3
4
1
6
9. Which calf muscle is the most superficial?
a.
b.
c.
d.
Bicep femoris
Vastus lateralis
Soleus
Gastrocnemius
10. There are ________________ bones in the body:
a.
b.
c.
d.
432
198
206
315
11. What bone is superficial to the first thoracic vertebrae?
a.
b.
c.
D.
C7
T2
L4
C6
12. What bone is lateral to the tibia?
a.
b.
c.
d.
Ulna
Radius
Fibula
Metatarsal
5
13. What bone is medial to the radius?
a.
b.
c.
d.
Ulna
Radius
Fibula
Metatarsal
14. The ends of the bone are called:
a.
b.
c.
d.
Proximal epiphysis
Distal epiphysis
Shaft
Both A and B
Directions: Short Answer and Fill in the Blanks. Please answer in full detail
and complete sentences when appropriate.
1. The axial skeleton includes the following four parts: (8 pts)
A.
B.
C.
D.
2. The main function of the axial skeleton is: ___________________________.
(2 pts)
3. The appendicular skeleton includes the following: (6 pts)
A.
B.
C.
6
4. The main function of the appendicular skeleton is: _________________. (2 pts)
5. Name the four main types of bones. (8 pts)
A.
B.
C.
D.
6. Name the three types of muscles. Give an example of each and please
indicate if the muscle is voluntary or involuntary. (18 pts)
Type of Muscle
Example
Voluntary or
Involuntary
7
Directions: Short Essays. Please answer in full detail and complete sentences
when appropriate.
1. How do fibrous, cartilaginous and synovial joints differ? (10 pts)
2. Name the layers of fascia found in muscle and identify where they are
found. (10 pts)
8
Part Two: Cardio-Respiratory Exercise Physiology
Directions: Please answer the following questions in full detail.
1. Describe the process of breathing and comment on how exercise affects this
process? (10 pts)
2. Insert higher or lower and from or to into the correct places in the
following statement: (8 pts)
a) The partial pressure of oxygen is _____________________ in arterial blood
supplying exercising muscles than in the muscle tissue. Therefore,
oxygen will diffuse _______________the blood _____________the muscle.
b) The partial pressure of carbon dioxide is _________________in the lungs
(alveoli) than in the blood returning from exercising muscles. Therefore,
carbon dioxide will diffuse _____________ the lungs ______________ the
blood.
3. List the four chambers of the heart and also the valves of the heart. (10 pts)
9
4. List the names of the specialist cells found in the heart that generate and
then relay the electrical signal that causes the heart to contract. Explain their
function. (10 pts)
5. Describe the response of the heart rate, stroke volume and cardiac output
during exercise. (10 pts)
6. How does aerobic training increase V02max? (10 pts)
10
Part Three: Nutrition and Energy Systems
.
1. What is the Krebs cycle? Be detailed. (10 pts)
2. Discuss the role of muscle contraction and insulin in blood glucose uptake.
(10 pts)
3. Explain the role of adrenaline in metabolism. (10 pts)
4. Distinguish between as essential and non-essential amino acid. (10 pts)
11
5. Distinguish between dietary recommendation and dietary guidelines.
(10 pts)
6. Match the activity with its’ dominating energy system (ATP/PCr, Lactate, or
Glucose + Fat). Please discuss your answers. (10 pts)
a. Ice Hockey
b. Marathon
c. 100 yard dash
12