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Transcript
NAME:_______________________
SECOND EXAM
ASTR 1020 SECTION 001
MARCH 16, 2010
DO ALL 19 PROBLEMS.
MARK YOUR ANSWERS ON THIS SHEET AND TURN IT IN.
Each answer worth 5 points except last which is worth 10 points.
All constants in mks units unless otherwise specified:
c=3x108
G=6.7x10-11 h=6.6x10-34 =5.7x10-8
REarth=6400km
16
1pc=3x10 m
1AU=1.5x1011m
M=2x1030kg
R=7x108m
4
7
L  AT
T  3 x10
F=ma
x=vt
  c E  h
3
r
2 r
2 GM
v 
P  2
P
v

GM
v
r
c 0
v=at
_____ 1) How big is a red supergiant? As big as:
a) a comet b) the Sun c) Mars orbit d) Jupiter e) Earth
_____ 2) What is the luminosity of a white dwarf with surface temperature equal to the
Sun? (in solar luminosities)
a) 104 b) 102 c) 1 d) 10-2 e) 10-4
_____ 3) How long can a star run on gravity without nuclear fusion? (in years)
a) 1031 b) 1012 c) 1010 d) 107 e) 100
_____ 4) What element cannot be nuclear burned to release energy?
a) oxygen b) iron c) hydrogen d) uranium e) helium
_____ 5) Planetary nebulae are often shaped like a(n)
a) hourglass b) Frisbee c) basketball d) coke can e) ice cream cone
_____ 6) How long will Prox Centauri (M5 dwarf) spend on the main sequence? (years)
a) 1000 b) 106 c) 109 d) 1012 e) 1015
_____ 7) A White Dwarf star is comparable in size to
a) a comet b) the Sun c) Mars orbit d) Jupiter e) Earth
_____ 8) What is the density of a neutron star compared to that of water?
a) .001x b) 1x (comparable) c) 103x d) 106x e) 109x
_____ 9) How long will a neutron star survive if left alone? (years)
a) thousand b) million c) billion d) trillion e) forever
_____ 10) What carries the bulk of the energy out of a type II supernova explosion?
a) photons b) neutrinos c) blast wave d) gravity waves e) wires
1
11.When a star becomes a giant it gets redder. Why?
12. What is the Helium Flash?
13. What is the fate of the Earth as the Sun ages?
14. What is electron degeneracy?
15. What is a Nova?
16 What is an Accretion Disk?
17 What is the difference between a Type I and Type II Supernova?
18. What is a Pulsar?
2
3
19 (10 Points) Draw an HR Diagram. Label both axes. Draw the Main Sequence and show
the position of the Sun. Show the path that a two solar mass star follows from proto-star to
final resting point. Label what the star is called in each of its major stages.
4