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Transcript
The Birth of Christianity
During the first century AD, a new religion started in Rome. It was called
Christianity. The followers of Christianity were called Christians. Christians
believed in one god /monotheism/. They refused to worship the Roman gods. In
ancient Rome that was against the law. Christians were hunted as criminals.
Life After Death: Christianity promised life after death in heaven. In the Roman
religion, only gods went to heaven. Emperors were considered gods. Everyone else
went to the underworld.
Equality: Christianity promised equality. You could join Christianity and be
equally a Christian.
Equality UK: ɪkwɔlɪtiː
egyenlőség
Life and death of Jesus
This history of Christianity is focused on the life, death and resurrection of Jesus Christ,
the son of God.
resurrection
UK: rezərekʃn
feltámadás
Background to the life and death of Jesus Christ
Matthew and Luke told the story of Jesus' birth in the New Testament of the Bible.
Background to the life and death of Jesus Christ
The traditional story of Jesus tells of his birth in a stable in Bethlehem in the Holy Land,
to a young virgin called Mary who was the mother of Jesus.
Christians believes Jesus is a Messiah, The SAVIOUR / Megváltó/ sent to Earth by God.
Stable
UK: steɪbl
istálló
Jesus' ministry
After the story of his birth, little is known about Jesus until he began his ministry at the
age of about 30.
He then spent three years teaching, healing and working miracles.
He taught in parables - everyday stories which had divine messages for those who would
hear it.
He had twelve disciples whom he called to follow him and help him in his work.
Ministry
UK: mɪnɪstriː
Healing
UK: hiːlɪŋ
Disciple
Parable
Divine
UK: pærəbl
Lelkészi szolgálat, hit tanítása
gyógyítás
tanítvány
példabeszéd
UK: dɪvaɪn
isteni
UK: dɪsaɪpl
Persecution and death
Jesus claimed that he spoke with the authority of God. This claim angered the religious
Jewish authorities and they handed Jesus over to the Roman authorities as a
revolutionary. He was tried for heresy /eretnekség/, condemned and put to death by
means of crucifixion.
Persecution
UK: pəːsɪkjuːʃn
Claim UK: kleɪm
Revolutionary
Try
UK: revəluːʃŋəriː
UK: traɪ
Condemn UK: kəndem
crucifixion UK: kruːsɪfɪkʃn
üldözés
1. állít 2. követel
forradalmár
1. kipróbál 2. bíróság elé állít
1. elítél, 2. megbélyegez
keresztrefeszítés
Resurrection
On the Sunday following his execution, some of his women followers discovered that HIS
tomb was empty. Jesus then appeared to them, alive. His followers realised that God had
raised Jesus from the dead.
Execution
UK: eksɪkjuːʃn
Resurrection
UK: rezərekʃn
kivégzés
feltámadás
Paul and the early church
Paul's conversion to Christianity is in the New Testament book, the Acts of the Apostles.
/Apostolok cselekedetei/
Before his conversion Paul was Saul and violently opposed to the Christian faith.
Saul experienced a dramatic conversion, known as the Damascus Road conversion, when
he was temporarily blinded.
He found himself filled with the Holy Spirit / Szentlélek/ and immediately began
preaching the Christian gospel.
Conversion
Oppose
áttérés
UK: kənvəːʃn
ellenez
UK: əpoʊz
Preach
UK: priːtʃ
prédikál
Gospel
UK: gɔspl
evangélium
Roman Empire
Paul established Christian churches throughout the Roman Empire, including Europe, and
beyond - even into Africa.
Persecution
However, in all cases, the church remained small and was persecuted, particularly under
tyrannical Roman emperors like Nero (54-68), Domitian (81-96), under whom being a
Christian was an illegal act, and Diocletian (284-305).
Many Christian believers died for their faith and became martyrs for the church.
Constantine turns the tide
Christianity became the official religion of the Roman Empire during the rule of
Constantine in 313
BC.
When Rome fell in 476, it meant that Western and Eastern Christians were no longer
under the same political rule and differences in belief and practice arose between them.
The Great Schism / A nagy szakadás/
The differences between Eastern and Western Christianity was called the Great Schism,
in 1054, when the patriarchs of the Eastern and Western division (of Constantinople and
Rome respectively) were unable to resolve their differences.
The split led to the Orthodox church and the Roman Catholic church.
The Orthodox church does not recognise the authority of the Roman papacy and claims
a Christian heritage in direct descent from the Christian church of Christ's believers.