Download Hinduism Content Notes Oldest Religion (3rd largest) Believed to

yes no Was this document useful for you?
   Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Document related concepts

Buddhism and Hinduism wikipedia, lookup

Hindu wikipedia, lookup

History of Shaktism wikipedia, lookup

Hinduism in Indonesia wikipedia, lookup

Daṇḍa (Hindu punishment) wikipedia, lookup

Anti-Hindu sentiment wikipedia, lookup

History of Hinduism wikipedia, lookup

Rajan Zed prayer protest wikipedia, lookup

Hindu deities wikipedia, lookup

Hindu views on evolution wikipedia, lookup

Hindu mythology wikipedia, lookup

Hinduism Content Notes
Oldest Religion
o Believed to have begun about 4000 years ago in the Indus River Valley by Aryans
 Flexible and practical religion
 85% of Hindus live in India
 330 million Gods
 700 million Hindus around world
 No set rules
o Allows people to worship in many different ways
o Depends on a person’s particular needs
 Reincarnation – the soul is reborn into either an animal or person
o Samsara – cycle of death and rebirth
o Karma – through actions and its results will determine reincarnation
 Moksha “Salvation”
o This is the goal of all Hindu
o Try to break the cycle of reincarnation and reach salvation
 By leading a good life, one can be reborn into a higher caste and move
closer to moksha
 Sacred River “Ganges River”
o Wash away sins, puts one closer to moksha
 Sacred City – Benares which is located in NE Central India on Ganges River
 Sacred Animals:
o Cow – provides life (milk)
o Monkey – wisdom
o Cobra – strength
Sacred Texts
 Vedad
o Set of hymns, prayers and magic spells
o Discusses how to worship the gods
o Fire and sacrifices
 Upanishads
o Teachings of Hinduism
o Explains relationship between Brahman and the individual person
 Destroying of the human body
o Frees soul
 Placed into Ganges river
Other Beliefs
 Dharma “eternal law”, set of rules that have to be followed (caste system)
 Four Paths to reach Moksha
o Path of Devotion – prayer, worship and devotion to a personal god
o Path of Knowledge – study and learn with a priest’s guidance
o Path of Right Action – acting selflessly, without any thought of reward for
o Path of Yoga – participate in yoga in meditation
Hindu Gods
 Brahman – supreme soul or spirit, who is not a person, has no shape or form but is
 Three Main Gods
o Brahma “Creator”
 One day for Brahma is like 4 billion years to us
o Least widely worshipped (Earth has already been created)
o 4 heads (4 points on a compass)
o rides a white goose
o creator of the universe and the god of wisdom
 Vishnu
o Protector god and god of goodness
o Rides a huge eagle
o 4 arms which hold conch shell, lotus flower, and a club
o one of the most popular gods in Hindu religion
 Shiva
o Destroyer god and the master of yoga
o Causes day and night, seasons, birth and death
o Rides a bull
o One of the most popular goddesses
Caste System
 Social classes within Hindu religion
 Born into a caste
 Can be reborn into an upper or lower caste system depending on Karma
 Caste System
o Brahmins – priests; determine what’s right and wrong
o Kshatriyas – warriors and nobles
o Vaishyas – merchants
o Sudras – ordinary laborers, unskilled workers; these have to be told what to do
and how to do it
o Untouchables – not part of the caste system, do the dirtiest jobs, no social