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Transcript
01 Electrical DeWalt
8/29/05
4:20 PM
Page 13
VOLTAGE DROP FORMULAS
The NEC® recommends a maximum 3% voltage drop for either the
branch circuit or the feeder.
Single-Phase:
2xRxIxL
VD = ____________
CM
Three-Phase:
1.732 x R x I x L
VD = ________________
CM
VD = Volts (voltage drop of the circuit)
R = 12.9 Ohms/Copper or 21.2 Ohms/Aluminum (resistance constants for a conductor that is
1 circular mil in diameter and 1 foot long at an operating temperature of 75O C.)
I = Amps (load at 100 percent)
L = Feet (length of circuit from load to power supply)
CM = Circular-Mils (conductor wire size)
2 = Single-Phase Constant
1.732 = Three-Phase Constant
CONDUCTOR LENGTH/VOLTAGE DROP
Voltage drop can be reduced by limiting the length of the conductors.
Single-Phase:
L=
CM x VD
____________
2xRxI
Three-Phase:
CM x VD
L = ________________
1.732 x R x I
CONDUCTOR SIZE/VOLTAGE DROP
Increase the size of the conductor to decrease the voltage drop of
circuit (reduce its resistance).
Single-Phase:
2xRxIxL
CM = ____________
VD
Three-Phase:
1.732 x R x I x L
CM = ________________
VD