Download The Jews in the Mediterranean World

Survey
yes no Was this document useful for you?
   Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Document related concepts

Supersessionism wikipedia, lookup

Hamburg Temple disputes wikipedia, lookup

History of the Jews in Gdańsk wikipedia, lookup

Jewish religious movements wikipedia, lookup

Index of Jewish history-related articles wikipedia, lookup

Jewish military history wikipedia, lookup

Sasanian conquest of Jerusalem wikipedia, lookup

Emancipation of the Jews in the United Kingdom wikipedia, lookup

Origins of Rabbinic Judaism wikipedia, lookup

Jewish views on religious pluralism wikipedia, lookup

Jewish schisms wikipedia, lookup

First Jewish–Roman War wikipedia, lookup

Transcript
The Jews in the
Mediterranean World
CHAPTER 8.4
The Arrival of Greek Rule

Jews of Judah were under Persian for 200 years

In 331 B.C. Alexander the Great defeated the
Persians

Introduced Greek language to Judah

Allowed the Jews to stay in Judah
How Did Jewish Ideas
Spread

Groups of Jews living outside of the Jewish
homeland became known as the Diaspora

Diaspora is a Greek word that means ”scattered”

Jews of Diaspora were loyal to Judaism

Copied the Hebrew Bible into Greek called the
Septuagint
The Revolt of the
Maccabeus

Seleucid kings ruled Judah Maccabeus

Required the Jews to worship Greek gods

Judas Maccabeus led a revolt

Formed a rebel army known as the Maccabees

Maccabees captured the Temple

Cleared it of Greek Gods

Jews celebrate the cleansing of the Temple when
they celebrate Hanukkah
Roman Rule in Judaea

Romans controlled eastern Mediterranean lands

Rome conquered Judah and renamed it Judaea

Jews rebuilt the Second Temple during the rule of
Herod
Jewish Groups

Pharisees-Stressed written and oral law

Wanted Judaea free of Roman rule

Sadducees- Stressed applying the laws to temple ceremonies

Wanted to cooperate with the Romans

Essenes-priests who broke away from the Temple in Jerusalem

Prayed for God to deliver them from Roman rule mansRo

Zealots- lived in Judaea

Wanted to fight for their freedom against th
Dead Sea Scrolls

Discovered in 1947

Found in a cave

Helped historians understand Judaism during
Roman times
Jewish-Roman Wars

In A.D. 66 Zealots revolted

Overpowered Roman army in Jerusalem

Four years later Romans retook city

Roman destroyed the Second Temple

The Western Wall of the Temple still stands today

Jews come to this wall to pray
Bar Kochba

Simon ben Kosiba led a revolt against Romans for
freedom

After 3 years, the Romans crushed revolt

Killed Bar Kochba
Palestine

Romans imposed stricter controls

Did not allow Jews to live in or visit Jerusalem

Romans renamed Judaea and called it Palestine
The Rabbis

Jews regrouped with help of Rabbis

Rabbis or religious leader

Rabbis taught the Torah

Provided moral guidance