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Chapter 20: Childhood Diseases and Disorders 1. ______________________________________ is the time between exposure to the disease and presence of symptoms. 2. ___________________________ is an acute viral disease commonly spread by contaminated airborne droplets. It is also known as ___________________________. It causes a __________________________________ rash over the body. ________________________________ appear in the mouth early in the disease. 3. MMR stands for _______________________________________________________________. 4. ____________________________ is a type of measles and is also known as German measles or 3 day measles. 5. ____________________________ is an infection affecting the parotid glands. 6. ________________________________ is most commonly known as chicken pox. 7. _____________________________ is caused by the poliovirus. Diagnosis is confirmed by a _____________________________or _____________________________. 8. ____________________________________ is an acute infectious respiratory disease that occurs every year in the late fall through early spring. 9. _______________________________ is inflammation of the nasal mucous membrane. 10. ________________________________________ is the best preventative strategy for transmission of the cold virus. 11. __________________________________________ is also called the “kissing” disease. It is caused by the _______________________________________ virus. 12. ___________________________________ is also known as whooping cough. It is an ________________________________________________ caused by _______________________________. 13. _______________________________________ is an infectious disease caused by Corynebacterium diphtheriae and characterized by _________________________________________________________. 14. DTP stands for _______________________________________________________________. 15. _________________________________ is an infectious disease of rodents transmitted to humans usually through an insect bite. It is also called _________________________________ or ________________________________________. 16. ________________________________ is a contagious superficial pyoderma commonly found on the face and hands of children. It is caused by ______________________________________. 17. ________________________________ is an acute bacterial infection of the middle ear and one of the most common diseases of children. 18. ________________________________ are parasitic nematodes that infect the intestines and rectum. 19. ___________________________________________ is the abrupt unexplainable death of an infant under age 1. It is also known as ______________________________ because the infant is found dead after being put in bed to sleep. 20. _____________________ also known as ________________________________________ is an upper respiratory infection. 21. __________________________ is characterized by acute episodes of coughing, wheezing, and shortness of breath. 22. _________________________________________ disease is an avascular necrosis of the upper end of the femur. It is most common in boys ages ________ to __________. 23. ____________________________________ is a malignant neoplasm that occurs before the age of 20. It is usually located in a long bone such as the femur. 24. __________________________________ is the most common form of cancer in children. 25 ____________________________________ is the most common type of leukemia in children. 26. ______________________________________ is an acute encephalopathy seen in children under age 15 who have had a viral infection. 27. _______________________________________ also known as lazy eye or crossed eyes, is a condition of lack of parallelism of the eyes. 28. Study the Immunization Schedule for Children on pages 524-525. You will possibly be asked what the age guidelines are for certain immunizations in children.