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Chapter 20: Childhood Diseases and Disorders
1. ______________________________________ is the time between exposure to the disease and
presence of symptoms.
2. ___________________________ is an acute viral disease commonly spread by contaminated airborne
droplets. It is also known as ___________________________. It causes a
__________________________________ rash over the body. ________________________________
appear in the mouth early in the disease.
3. MMR stands for _______________________________________________________________.
4. ____________________________ is a type of measles and is also known as German measles or 3 day
5. ____________________________ is an infection affecting the parotid glands.
6. ________________________________ is most commonly known as chicken pox.
7. _____________________________ is caused by the poliovirus. Diagnosis is confirmed by a
_____________________________or _____________________________.
8. ____________________________________ is an acute infectious respiratory disease that occurs
every year in the late fall through early spring.
9. _______________________________ is inflammation of the nasal mucous membrane.
10. ________________________________________ is the best preventative strategy for transmission
of the cold virus.
11. __________________________________________ is also called the “kissing” disease. It is caused by
the _______________________________________ virus.
12. ___________________________________ is also known as whooping cough. It is an
________________________________________________ caused by
13. _______________________________________ is an infectious disease caused by Corynebacterium
diphtheriae and characterized by _________________________________________________________.
14. DTP stands for _______________________________________________________________.
15. _________________________________ is an infectious disease of rodents transmitted to humans
usually through an insect bite. It is also called _________________________________ or
16. ________________________________ is a contagious superficial pyoderma commonly found on the
face and hands of children. It is caused by ______________________________________.
17. ________________________________ is an acute bacterial infection of the middle ear and one of
the most common diseases of children.
18. ________________________________ are parasitic nematodes that infect the intestines and
19. ___________________________________________ is the abrupt unexplainable death of an infant
under age 1. It is also known as ______________________________ because the infant is found dead
after being put in bed to sleep.
20. _____________________ also known as ________________________________________ is an
upper respiratory infection.
21. __________________________ is characterized by acute episodes of coughing, wheezing, and
shortness of breath.
22. _________________________________________ disease is an avascular necrosis of the upper end
of the femur. It is most common in boys ages ________ to __________.
23. ____________________________________ is a malignant neoplasm that occurs before the age of
20. It is usually located in a long bone such as the femur.
24. __________________________________ is the most common form of cancer in children.
25 ____________________________________ is the most common type of leukemia in children.
26. ______________________________________ is an acute encephalopathy seen in children under
age 15 who have had a viral infection.
27. _______________________________________ also known as lazy eye or crossed eyes, is a
condition of lack of parallelism of the eyes.
28. Study the Immunization Schedule for Children on pages 524-525. You will possibly be asked what the
age guidelines are for certain immunizations in children.