LYMPHATIC SYSTEM BY XAVIER LOPEZ, DANIEL P LLEIVA. KYLE FERNANDEZ, ALEX RAMIREZ, ADRIAN CIENFUEGOS. CERVICAL LYMPH NODES Posterior lymph nodes are located along the back of the neck. Deep cervical lymph nodes are associated with their positions adjacent to the internal jugular vein, which runs near the sides of the neck. They are known as the lateral jugular, anterior jugular, and jugulo-digastric lymph nodes. LYMPHATIC OF THE MAMMARY GLAND Located beneath the skin and above the pectoral muscle, the mammary glands produce milk for new born babies. Each gland consists of a series of lobules, small lobes that produce milk. Tubes known as ductal lobes carry the milk to the lactiferous ducts, which open on the nipple. Tiny holes within the nipple secrete the milk. Fat tissue in the breast surrounds the ducts and glands to protect them. CISTERNA CHYLI The cisterna chyli (or cysterna chyli, and etymologically more correct, receptaculum chyli) is a dilated sac at the lower end of the thoracic duct into which lymph from the intestinal trunk and two lumbar lymphatic trunks flow. LUMBAR LYMPH NODES Lumbar lymph nodes refer to a group of small organs that are part of the immune system. Lymph nodes are generally circular, beanlike organs that are dispersed throughout the body. The lumbar lymph nodes are located in the region of the body between the diaphragm (a muscle in the lower rib cage that helps with breathing), known as the lumbar region. They are also called the lateral aortic lymph nodes. PELVIS LYMPH NODES Pelvic lymph nodes are part of the lymph system, which carries fluid, nutrients, and waste material between the body tissues and the bloodstream. Lymph nodes are connected by a system of channels that run throughout the body. Cancer may spread through the lymph nodes to distant parts of the body. LYMPHATICS OF THE LOWER LIMB The lymphatic system functions to drain tissue fluid, plasma proteins and other cellular debris back into the blood stream, and is also involved in immune defense. Once this collection of substances enters the lymphatic vessels it is known as lymph; lymph is subsequently filtered by lymph nodes and directed into the venous system. THORACIC DUCT The thoracic duct is the largest lymphatic vessel within the human body, and plays a key role in the lymphatic system. It is also called the left lymphatic duct or the alimentary duct. THYMUS a lymphoid organ situated in the neck of vertebrates that produces T cells for the immune system. The human thymus becomes much smaller at the approach of puberty. AXILLARY LYMPH NODES The axillary lymph nodes or armpit lymph nodes (20 to 30 in number) drain lymph vessels from the lateral quadrants of the breast, the superficial lymph vessels from the walls of the chest and the abdomen above the level of the navel, and the vessels from the upper limb. SPLEEN An abdominal organ involved in the production and removal of blood cells in most vertebrates and forming part of the immune system. This means that this organism removes blood cells in the immune system LYMPHATICS OF THE UPPER LIMB lymph nodes located in and draining the upper limb, ultimately drained by the subclavian lymphatic trunk; included arethe axillary, interpectoral, deltopectoral (infraclavicular), brachial, and cubital nodes. INGUINAL LYMPH NODES Any of the superficial lymphatic nodes of the groin made up of two more or less distinct groups of which one is disposed along the inguinal ligament and the other about the saphenous opening—called also inguinal gland. TONSILLITIS infection of the tonsils in the throat. infection of the tonsils in the throat. This causes the patient to not be able to eat nor breath properly. Tonsillitis usually heals in a few days, but some people remove there tonsils. OEDEMA Edema is a normal response of the body to inflammation or injury. For example, a twisted ankle, a bee sting, or a skin infection will all result in edema in the involved area. In some cases, such as in an infection, this may be beneficial. Increased fluid from the blood vessels allows more infection-fighting white blood cell to enter the affected area. OSTEOARTHRITIS Osteoarthritis is caused by cartilage Between the bones wearing down and when the bones are rubbed together. GLANDULAR FEVER Glandular fever can cause fever, sore throat, fatigue, swollen lymph nodes, and glands. This is caused by Epstein-Barr virus. This is one of the most common viruses that affect humans. LYMPHOMA A cancer of the lymphatic system. -Rare Fewer than 200,000 US cases per year Treatable by a medical professional Requires a medical diagnosis Lab tests or imaging always required Symptoms include enlarged lymph nodes, fatigue, and weight loss. People may experience: Whole body: fatigue, loss of appetite, or night sweats Also common: shortness of breath, swollen lymph nodes, or weight loss Treatment may involve chemotherapy, medication, radiation therapy, and rarely stem-cell transplant.