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MATHEMATICS : CLASS VI KENDRIYA VIDYALAYA SANGATHAN - AHMEDABAD REGION OPEN TEXT – BASED ASSESSMENT SUMMATIVE EXAMINATION - II MARCH 2016-17 1. SEX RATIO IN INDIA 2.Importance of Healthy Diet OPEN TEXT MATERIAL THEMES THEME – 1 SEX RATIO IN INDIA ABSTRACT Sex ratio is used to describe the number of females per 1000 of males. In the Population Census of 2011 it was revealed that the population ratio in India 2011 is 940 females per 1000 of males. Since decades India has seen a decrease in the sex ratio 2011, but since the last two of the decades there has been in slight increase in the sex ratio. The major cause of the decrease of the female birth ratio in India is considered to be the violent treatments meted out to the girl child at the time of the birth.The main cause of this gender bias is inadequate education.One of the states which is showing a decreasing trend in the population of women 2011 and is a cause of concern is Haryana. The state of Haryana has the lowest rate of sex ratio in India and the figure shows a number of 877 of females to that of 1000 of males.There are also states such as Puducherry and Kerala where the number of women is more than the number of men. Kerala houses a number of 1084 females to that of 1000 males. CHILD SEX RATIO 0-6 YEARS BETWEEN 1981 TO 2011:- THEME – 2 : Importance of Healthy Diet Abstract A substance which is essential for maintaining life and for growth is called a nutrients.Our food has five major nutrients: carbohydrates, fats, proteins, vitamins and Minerals. In addition to these nutrients, water and roughage (dietary fibre) are alsoimportant parts of our food. Water and roughage do not have any food values, so they are not considered to be nutrients. Recommended % of nutrition needs for children Nutrition Carbohydrates Vitamins and minerals Meat proteins Milk proteins Fat and sugar Food Group Recommended % Cereals and whole grains such as bread , pasta etc 35% Various fruits and vegetables 35% Fish, meat and eggs 10% Dairy products Fatty foods, sugary sweets 15% 5% Many children have poor eating habits, which can lead to various longterm health complications, such as obesity, heart disease, type 1 diabetes and osteoporosis. Ensuring that your child learns the importance of eating a balanced diet, means ensuring he or she is free of these disease.