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BIOLOGY Y12
Blueprint of Life
CLOZE PASSAGE No 1
Evolution
Complete the following sentences using appropriate words or short phrases
a) A change in organisms over time is called …………………….
Evolution
b) Darwin wrote the book The …………………………………
Origin of Species
c) Put forward the theory of “Acquired Characteristics are Inherited”
Lamarck
d) pH is an example of a …………………………….. condition in the environment
Chemical
f) Name of a selecting agent used to lower the rabbit population
Myxoma virus
g) An insecticide used to kill ticks and insects
DDT
h) Name given to organisms that suggest a link between 1 form and another
Transitional form
i)
Name of a fish that could absorb oxygen and had bones in its fins so it could crawl
Crossopterygian
j)
Archaeopteryx is a link between what 2 animal forms
Bird and reptile
k) Fast burial is needed to preserve organisms so as to form ………………….
Fossils
l)
A footprint is an example of a cast or a mould?
Mould
m)
The study of the distribution of plants and animals found on certain continents and not
others is called?
Biogeography
n) The study of fossils is called?
Palaeontology
o) The limb found in a whale, seal, lizard and man is called?
Pentadactyl
p)
An advanced technology that has changed scientific thinking about evolutionary
relationships
q) Able to reach an age where you can reproduce
r)
Type of evolution where similar adaptations are found in species that live in similar
environments
DNA Hybridisation
Biologically fit/
survival of the fittest
Convergent
s) Another name for divergent evolution
Adaptive radiation
t) A type of moth that changed from pale to dark during the industrial evolution
Peppered
u) Put forward a theory similar to Darwin’s but relied heavily on geographic isolation
Alfred Wallace
v) The slow change of organisms over time is what type of evolution?
Gradualism
w) Episodes of stability followed by rapid changes gives rise to what type of evolution
Punctuated
equilibrium
x) Islands that lie 1000km west of Equator
Galapagos
y) Type of reproduction that gives rise to variation in a population
Sexual
z) During the topic on evolution you performed a first hand investigation to model?
Natural Selection