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Practical Nursing I –Grade 12 (Course at a Glance)
There are seven critical units in Practical Nursing I: (1) workplace readiness skills; (2) applying fundamental concepts of
nursing: (3) communicating effectively; (4) applying legal, ethical, and professional responsibilities to clinical practice;
(5) applying principles of anatomy and physiology; (6) applying concepts of nutrition; and (7) applying concepts related
to the process of wellness and illness.
Quarter One
Quarter Two
Quarter Three
Quarter Four
Unit One:
Ch. 1: Learning the Language
Ch. 2: Human Body- Reading the
Unit Four:
Ch. 7& 8: Skeletal & Muscles
Unit Seven:
Ch. 13, 14 & 15: Cardiovascular
Unit Ten:
Ch. 18: Respiratory System
In this unit students will describe
functions of the skeletal & muscular
systems, describe A&P of bone, locate
& describe various bones within the
body, differentiate between bone,
cartilage, ligaments & joints, locate &
describe joints and types of movement
of the body, differentiate three major
muscle types, explain the difference
between voluntary and involuntary
muscles,, describe components of a
muscle cell, describe chemical activities
required for muscle movement, and
locate and identify major muscles.
In this unit students will explain
structure & function of the
cardiovascular system, trace the flow
of blood through the vessels and
chambers of the heart, explain the
coronary circulation of the heart,
describe the contraction of the heart
and the conduction system,
differentiate between arteries, veins &
capillaries, identify major components
of blood and their functions, explain
the steps in blood clotting, and
demonstrate by diagram a closed
system and one-way flow of blood.
Unit Five:
Unit Eight:
Ch. 16 & 17: Lymphatic System &
In this unit students will relate the
importance and purposes of medical
terminology to A&P, list & describe
body positions, define body planes,
directional terms, and locate &
describe body cavities and their
respective organs.
Unit Two:
Ch. 3& 4: Cells, Tissues, &
Ch. 9, 10 & 11: Nervous & Sensory
In this unit student will define
respiration and describe the three phases
of respiration, name and describe
structures of the respiratory system,
explain the physiological process of
respiration, explain how CO2 and O2
are transported in blood, describe
nervous and chemical controls of
respiration, describe pathophysiology of
major respiratory diseases, and explain
how CO2 is the major regulator of
respiration at the cell level.
Unit Eleven:
Ch. 19: Digestive System
In this unit students will locate and
describe major functions of the main
organs of the digestive system, locate
and describe function of the accessory
organs of digestion, differentiate
between ingestion and digestion, and
between chemical and mechanical
processing of food, and describe
enzymes and chemicals needed for
digestion and absorption.
In this unit students will explain the
relationship between cells, tissues,
organs & systems, describe four
classifications of tissues, list and
define key body membranes, list and
describe main functions of body
systems, list & describe parts of a
cell, explain the function of major
organelles found within a cell,
explain mitosis and meiosis and
describe the types of active and
passive transport within the cells.
In this unit students will describe
organization of nervous system
according to structure & function,
describe structure of neuron, describe
transmission of a nerve impulse, list
components of a reflex arc compare the
location & functions of the
parasympathetic & sympathetic nervous
systems, identify location and function
of the four main divisions of the brain,
name & locate the lobes of the cerebral
hemispheres, brain stem and
Diencephalons, identify the names &
functions of the 12 cranial nerves,
describe the structure & function of the
eye and ear, and describe receptors for
vision and hearing.
In this unit students will list &
describe major components of the
immune system and their functions,
explain antigen-antibody relationship,
explain how the inflammatory process
and fever relate to infection, compare
innate immunity to adaptive
immunity, explain the function of
lymphocytes and helper cells in the
immune response, differentiate
between nonspecific and specific body
defenses, differentiate between natural
and artificial immunity, and
differentiate between active and
passive immunity.
Unit Three:
Ch. 5& 6: Disease & Disease
Producing Microorganisms; Skin
Unit Six:
Ch. 12- Endocrine System: Glands
and Hormones
Unit Nine:
Ch. 23: Male & Female
Reproductive Systems
Unit Twelve:
Ch. 21& 22: Urinary System &Body
In this unit students will define
disease and explain seven categories
of disease, describe four types of
disease producing pathogens,
describe terminology used in
describing and treating disease,
name and describe the layers of the
skin, describe accessory structures of
the skin, describe main functions of
the skin, and explain main disorders
of the skin.
In this unit students will discuss
structure& function of the endocrine
glands, explain chemical composition
and regulation of hormones, explain the
process of homeostasis, identify
hormones produced by each of the
endocrine glands and describe the
effects of each on the body tissue cells,
and describe the effects of
hyposecretion and hypersecretion of
major hormones.
In this unit students will differentiate
mitosis from meiosis, locate and
describe male and female reproductive
organs, describe function of the male
and female reproductive organs,
explain the menstrual cycle phases,
discuss the effects of hormonal control
on the male and female reproductive
systems, and compare and contrast
similarities and differences between
the male and female reproductive
In this unit students will describe
structure and function of the organs of
the urinary system, discuss the
importance of renal blood flow, explain
the process of urine formation, trace the
pathway of reabsorption and secretion
of vital substances, explain the
importance of hormones for proper
kidney function, and describe the A&P
of the urinary bladder and the process of
urine removal from the body.