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Transcript
Understanding Islam
A brief history of the Arabs
Where are we?
Where are we?
The Early History
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
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Government was weak or non-existent
The Byzantines and Persians fought for the land.
The religion was mixed between various polytheistic
beliefs Zoroastrian and Nestorian Christianity.
Women had no status, prostitution and polygamy was
rampant.
Nestorian Christianity



Separates moments when Jesus was God and when Jesus
was fully man.
This church moved to China, Persia, India.
St Thomas is the patriarch
Mohammed comes.



Believed to be a prophet. Like Moses, like Jesus.
Visited by the angel Gabriel. (same angel that visited
Mary)
Visited during Ramadan
Mohammed 570-632



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He was a rich merchant.
Called to proclaim the one true God.
Gained only 40 followers, mostly friends and family.
Was persecuted severely sacrificed quite a lot. (not in
this for wealth)
Took over Mecca with military force. 630
Region taken by force


Was not miraculous.
There was no government law or organization in
immediate region.
Why would God need another
prophet?
Why a special message when a
church is in the area?
Why would Christianity spread
through peace but Islam spread
through warfare?
What is the essence of Islam
The 5 pillars of Islam:
5.
A dedication to monotheism
Prayer
Charity
Fasting
Pilgrimage
6.
Holy War?
1.
2.
3.
4.
Find out more: What is Islam
The End of Mohammed’s Life



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Was one of bloody conquest. 8 battles, 8 raids and gave
orders for 38 military operations.
Within 10 years after his death his force rivaled the
Byzantines and Persians.
His personal example is not one we would want to
follow. It was cunning and brutal.
Elevated dying for one’s faith in the defense of Islam as
the utmost glory.
The beginning of the next Caliphate

People want to abandon being Muslim
They are all put to the sword until they resubmit to
Muhammad.

Islam spreads in this fashion without resistance until 730.

The battle of Tours 730

Franks are the strongest empire in all of Europe (besides
the Byzantines)
Islam has something to offer.