... • One of the most important Muslim art forms.
– A building for Muslim prayer.
– They are thought to be one of the greatest architectural
achievements of the Muslim empires.
– Rulers used their wealth to pay for fancy decorated mosques.
– Many have a dome and a minaret (narrow tower from wh ...
The Spread of Islam
... • When Muhammad died in 632, Islam was
limited to the Arabian Peninsula. Within a
one hundred years, Muslims had
conquered a vast territory.
• In this section, you will learn more about
the expansion of Muslim rule and how it
changed over time.
... 6. Name the five pillars of Islam.
7. Who is Suleiman I?
8. How did Mecca (Makkah) evolve into the largest trade city?
9. What is significant about the Kaaba?
10. Why did wealthy merchants and religious leaders dislike Muhammad?
11. Why did Muhammad move to Madinah?
12. Compare and Contrast Islam, J ...
5 2 Islam Expansion .pptx
... Imagine that you are a farmer living in a
village on the coast of India. For centuries,
your people have raised cotton and made
fabric. One day, a ship arrives carrying
Muslim traders from far away. They have
brought goods and new ideas! What are
... 1) The Prophet Muhammad
a) 570 AD – born in . . .
b) 610 – received first Revelation from angel Gabriel . . .
c) 610 to 622 – Family initially his only followers . . .
d) 622 – fled Mecca to Medina (beginning of . . . )
e) 630 – Returned to Mecca
f) 632 - Arabia unified by . . .
2) Spread of Islam, ...
THE RISE OF ISLAM
... 3. Tax benefits existed inside the Muslim Empire for those who converted
By 750, the Muslim Empire stretched 6,000 miles (about twice the distance across the U.S.A.)
over 3 continents.
SPRITE Chart Modern World History
... The Prophet's teachings and the Qur'an are the basis laws of
Sharia is the book of laws, regulates moral behavior, family life,
Jizya was the tax that non-Muslims in Islamic lands had to pay.
The Crusades: total war in the Muslim and Christian world.
Muhammad was the founder, ...
Muslim Civilizations (pg 32-33)
... Muhammad – military campaign to conquer across Byzantine and Persian empires - - belief in
holiness in faith and paradise for those who die in battle
Led Islam to Atlantic to Indus Valley (India) – Abbasid dynasty moves capital of Islam
to Baghdad – rule until 1258 –
Largest empire at time – baghdad ...
SSWH5 The student will trace the origins and expansion of the
... THE GROWTH OF THE ISLAMIC EMPIRE
Muhammad’s successors (caliphs:KAY-lihfs)
helped to spread Islam through conquest
The Muslims easily conquered the Byzantine
and Persian Empires: defeated people could
keep their religious beliefs and hold
government positions, but had fewer rights and
had to pay ...
... the growth of the Islamic Empire.
• Muhammad was born in Mecca around 570.
Mecca was a trading region-many in the area
worshiped multiple gods and idols
• According to Muslim belief, at age 40 he heard
the voice of an angel proclaiming that there is
only one god-Allah
• He began to preach and conver ...
... and followers are called
Muhammad is the last and
•Islam spreads across
Arabian Peninsula soon
after Muhammad’s death
Name: Date: Period: Chapter 11: Islam Study Guide Section 1
... 26. The _______________ believed that Ali’s descendants should rule Islam.
27. The _________________ believed the Umayyad dynasty should rule.
28. Similar to Christian missionaries, _________________ spread the teachings of Islam.
29. In Muslim society, social groups were based on __________________ ...
Three Religions of the Middle East
... system. Islam was spread through books
that were exchanged along trade routes.
• The caliphs conquered Spain and spread
• By 1400’s, Muslims had succeeded in
conquering Parts of Europe.
Why did the Kingdoms of Western Africa flourish?
... 3. What religion did people
practice in Ghana? How did it
spread to western Africa?
• Spread by the way of the transSaharan trade routes
• Ibn Battuta was a traveler and
historian from Morocco who
traveled to every country in the
Muslim world over 27 years,
encouraging people to be more
Islam Test Study Guide
... 1.) Between what two (2) bodies of water does the Arabian Peninsula lie?
2.) What is the geography of the Arabian Peninsula?
3.) Who were the Bedouins?
4.) What was the Kaaba to the early Arabs?
5.) Who was Muhammad?
6.) Toward what city do Muslims face when praying?
7.) What is the year that marks ...
Chapter 11 Part 1: The Rise of Islam
... -Muhammad’s successor was called a caliph. Rightly Guided Caliphs-the first four
caliphs to rule from Madinah.
-Umayyad caliphs-made capital at the city of Damascus.
-The Islamic state soon became a great empire.
-Muslims believed people who died fighting for Islam would go to paradise.
-Arabs let c ...
Expansion of Islam Presentation
... – Many modern nations employ some system of Shari’a –
which usually is a system of courts populated with
religiously educated judges – day-to-day law – that heavily
influenced common law in the medieval period.
Spread of Islam
The expansion of the Arab Empire in the years following Prophet Muhammed's death led to the creation of caliphates, occupying a vast geographical area and conversion to Islam was boosted by missionary activities particularly those of Sufis, who easily intermingled with local populace to propagate the religious teachings. These early caliphates, coupled with Muslim economics and trading and the later expansion of the Ottoman Empire, resulted in Islam's spread outwards from Mecca towards both the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans and the creation of the Muslim world. Trading played an important role in the spread of Islam in several parts of the world, notably southeast Asia.Muslim dynasties were soon established and subsequent empires such as those of the Abbasids, Fatimids, Almoravids, Seljukids, Ajuran, Adal and Warsangali in Somalia, Mughals in India and Safavids in Persia and Ottomans were among the largest and most powerful in the world. The people of the Islamic world created numerous sophisticated centers of culture and science with far-reaching mercantile networks, travelers, scientists, hunters, mathematicians, doctors and philosophers, all contributing to the Golden Age of Islam. Islamic expansion in South and East Asia fostered cosmopolitan and eclectic Muslim cultures in the Indian subcontinent, Malaysia, Indonesia and China.As of January 2011, there were 1.62 billion Muslims, making Islam the second-largest religion in the world.