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Unit 1
Learning Target
LT: I can identify and apply the 5 Themes of
HW: finish your 5 Themes packet
Five Themes
of Geography
1. Location
2. Place
3. Human-Environment Interaction
4. Spatial Interactions/Movement
5. Region
1. Location:
Where is this place?
1. Absolute Location: A place’s position on the globe
(latitude/longitude coordinates)
Example: The absolute location of Blaine High School is:
Latitude:N 45° 11' 56.7413“
Longitude:W 93° 15' 47.9725"
Lat N (45 degrees.11 minutes. 56 seconds) Long W (93 degrees.15 minutes 47 seconds)
Latitude:N 45° 11.945689'
Longitude:W 93° 15.799541‘
1. Location:
Where is this place?
2. Relative Location (or Situation): A place’s location compared
to other places
●The relative location of BHS is between Hwy 65 & Bunker Hills Golf Course.
2. Place: What makes this place unique?
1. Physical Features: Landforms, climate
Example: Physical features at Blaine High School include different elevations as the
school is located on two floors. BHS has a moderate climate, as it is about 70 degrees
here year round. It is surrounded by deciduous woods.
2. Place: What makes this place unique?
2. Human Features: Population, language, economy,
Example: Human features at BHS include a population of about 140 students,
and about 25 teachers. People at BHS speak mainly English. But some speak a
variety of languages including Somali, Hmong, Russian, Tagalog, and of course
French, German, Spanish, and more . There are a variety of customs and beliefs
at BHS, but we one common belief is in success and college-readiness.
The problem with a modern day ‘place’...
‘Placelessness’: when places lack diversity,
significance, and a sense of place for people.
3. Human-Environment Interaction
How do humans interact with their environment in this
Positive Interactions: recycling, planting trees, conserving
Negative Interactions: pollution, over harvesting resources,
wasting resources
● At BHS our positive interactions include: recycling bins in all the halls and
classrooms, an increased emphasis in becoming computer based, conserving
energy and space by sharing classrooms.
● At BHS, our negative interactions with the environment. We use non-renewable
energy to heat the building, and print a LOT of paper which can be a waste of
electricity and paper. A lot of food and classroom supplies end up in the trash
especially at the end of the school year.
4. Spatial Interactions or Movement
● How do people, ideas, and goods move throughout this
● Movement of people: major way in which people travel
● Movement of goods: imports/exports
● Movement of ideas: the ways in which people communicate with
each other
●Diffusion: the process by which a characteristic spreads
across space from one place to another over time.
●Hearth (or node): The place which
an innovation originates from.
Types of Diffusion
1) Relocation Diffusion: the spread of an idea
through physical movement of people from
one place to another.
Example of Relocation Diffusion
When Hmong refugees came to MN, they
brought their language, religion, and customs
with them.
Types of Diffusion
1) Relocation Diffusion:
1) Expansion Diffusion: the spread of a feature
from one place to another in an additive
There are three types of expansion diffusion:
Hierarchical diffusion: spread of an idea from
persons of authority or power to other persons.
(political leaders and social elites)
Contagious diffusion: rapid widespread diffusion of
a characteristic throughout the population.
(users have simultaneous access to same info online)
Stimulus diffusion: spread of a part of an idea to
create an innovative product.
(innovative ideas by Apple’s have been adopted by competitors)
Example of Hierarchical Diffusion
When a celebrity starts a fashion trend and this
trend slowly becomes popular throughout the
United States. Usually, hierarchical diffusion starts
in big urban areas (NYC, LA, etc.), then spreads to
smaller cities/suburbs, and then lastly to rural
What is this called?
ChaChi from
“Happy Days”
Example of Contagious Diffusion
1. The spread of a disease throughout an area.
2. When information is leaked on the internet
and people all over the world can view it right
Example of Stimulus Diffusion
McDonalds throughout the world: McDonalds
still has the same ‘fast food theme’ and Golden
arches throughout the world, but the foods and
other things may change to fit the culture of the
place it is in.
McDonald’s success also inspired a growth of competitors
who used their food assembly model.
It’s Your Turn...
With a partner, spend 3-4 minutes coming up
with other examples of each type of diffusion.
Be ready to share with the class!
1. Relocation diffusion
2. Expansion diffusion: hierarchical
diffusion, contagious diffusion, stimulus
5. Region
● How are places similar to and different from
other places?
● A region derives its unified character through the
cultural landscape (a combination of cultural
features such as language and religion, economic
features such as agriculture and industry, and
physical features such as climate and vegetation).
● There are 3 main types of regions
Everyone will get a map...
Step One:
Label each of the following:
● Minnesota
● California
● Texas
● Florida
● Alaska
1. How do you know where each of these places
are located?
This is an example of a ...
1. Formal Region: an area within which
everyone shares at least one common
characteristic that can be measured or defined
Example: people in Minnesota identify as a
Minnesotan because they live within certain political
Formal Regions: Election Results
Step Two:
Circle and label each region of the United States on
the map
● Example: the midwest, the south, the great plains, etc.
1. Share out where you put your regions and why
you put them where you did.
1. Compare your map with a neighbor. Is there map
the exact same as yours? What differences do
you see? Why are there differences?
This is known as a ...
2. Vernacular (perceptual) region: is a place
that people believe exists as a part of their
cultural identity.
Vernacular Region:
“The South”
Step Three:
Shade in the region where:
● Most people are Minnesota Vikings fans
● Most people are Green Bay Packer fans
● Most people are New England Patriot fans
1. Compare and share with a neighbor.
2. Why did you choose the regions that you did?
3. What is the CENTER of ‘Viking territory’?
‘Packer territory’? ‘Patriot territory’?
This is an example of a...
3. Functional region (or Nodal region): is an
area organized around a node or focal point.
The characteristic chosen to define this region
dominates at a central focus and diminishes in
importance outward.
Node: center of influence
Distance decay: the farther the distance from the
node, the less likely an area is to be influenced by the
Example: see next slide...
Facebook survey of Football fans
Functional Region:
Television Stations