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The Han Dynasty of China:
(206 BCE-220 CE)
The Han
•  Followed the Qin dynasty
–  Qin ended in rebellion and civil war due to
unrest
–  206 (or 202) BCE-220 CE
•  Over 400 years
Liu Bang
•  Civil war
–  Two strong leaders
•  Xiang Yu (general)
•  Liu Bang (peasant-class general under Xiang Yu)
•  202 BCE
–  Liu Bang beat Xiang Yu for good
•  Liu Bang declared start of Han dynasty
Two Periods of the Han Dynasty
•  Former Han
–  206 BCE-9 CE
•  Interrupted by the Xin dynasty
–  Under Wang Mang
–  9-23 CE
•  Later Han
–  25-220 CE
Government under the Han
•  Centralized government
–  Capital cities throughout the Han dynasty
•  Chang’an
•  Luoyang
•  Xuchang
•  Lowered taxes
•  Less harsh punishments
Empress Lu
•  One of Liu Bang’s widows
•  Retained power by naming various
children as emperor