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New Kingdom: Pharaohs
King Tut
Tutankhamun was nine years old when he became pharaoh and reigned for approximately ten years. In
historical terms, Tutankhamun's significance stems from his rejection of the radical religious innovations
introduced by his predecessor Akhenaten and that his tomb in the Valley of the Kings was discovered by Carter
almost completely intact — the most complete ancient Egyptian royal tomb ever found. As Tutankhamun began
his reign at such an early age, his vizier and eventual successor Ay was probably making most of the important
political decisions during Tutankhamun's reign.
King Thutmose III
Thutmose III was the sixth Pharaoh of the Eighteenth Dynasty. During the first twenty-two years of Thutmose's
reign he was co-regent with his aunt, Hatshepsut, who was named the pharaoh. While she is shown first on
surviving monuments, both were assigned the usual royal names and insignia and neither is given any obvious
seniority over the other.[3] He served as the head of her armies.
After her death and his later rise to being the pharaoh of the kingdom, he created the largest empire Egypt had
ever seen; no fewer than seventeen campaigns were conducted, and he conquered from Niy in north Syria to the
fourth waterfall of the Nile in Nubia. Officially, Thutmose III ruled Egypt for almost fifty-four years, and his
reign is usually dated from April 24, 1479 BCE to March 11, 1425 BCE; however, this includes the twenty-two
years he was co-regent to Hatshepsut--his stepmother and aunt. During the last two years of his reign he became
a coregent again, with his son, Amenhotep II, who would succeed him. When he died he was buried in the
Valley of the Kings as were the rest of the kings from this period in Egypt.