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Transcript
Do Now
• With your neighbor, locate and identify the
following
– Buccal cavity
– Nasal cavity
– Orbital cavity
– Oral cavity
Put in order from most inferior to
most superior
Most inferior to most superior
•
•
•
•
Feet
Knees
Ribs
skull
1. Which is more proximal?
shoulder
or
wrist
The shoulder is more proximal
because it is closer to the
point of attachment
2. Which is more distal?
Fingers or elbow
The fingers are further away
from the point of attachment,
therefore, are more distal
3. The skull is most
•Superior
•Inferior
Superior
4. What Body cavities do you
see?
Orbital, nasal, buccal
Not cranial, because although you
know it is there you cannot
actually see it
5. The feet are the most
Superior
or
Inferior
inferior
6. What body system is located in
this region?
• What is the
function of this
organ system?
The body, or organ system
located inside the skull is the
nervous system
The brain is the primary organ
involved in the nervous system
and functions to control ALL body
activities
7. Which shows the anatomical
position?
• A
• B
B
Anatomical position
Face forward, feet side by side,
palms forward
• http://www.wisconline.com/objects/ViewObject.aspx?ID=A
P15305
8. The ear is ______ to the
nose?
a.
b.
c.
d.
Medial
Lateral
Superior
Inferior
B
Lateral
9. The heart and lungs are
located in which body cavity?
a.
b.
c.
d.
Cranial
Pelvic
Thoracic
abdominal
C
thoracic
10. Which organs do you find
in the dorsal cavity?
a.
b.
c.
d.
Spinal chord, heart and brain
Spinal chord, kidneys and brain
Spinal chord and brain only
Brain only
C
Spinal cord and brain only
11. Which lists only ventral
cavities
a. Abdominal, thoracic, pelvic
b. Buccal, nasal, abdominal,
cranial
c. Buccal, nasal, spinal, thoracic
d. Cranial and spinal
A
12. Homeostasis is the
bodies way of
a. Making red blood cells
b. Maintaining a state of
equilibrium
c. Cleaning out the blood
d. Making waste to be removed
from the body
B
13. All of the following are
necessary life functions
except:
a.
b.
c.
d.
Maintaining boundaries
Responsiveness
Digestion
exercise
D
Although important to health, it is
not necessary to live
15. Most homeostatic
mechanisms are
a. Positive feedback mechanisms
b. Negative feedback
mechanisms
c. Neutral feedback mechanisms
d. Homeostatic mechanisms
B
Negative feed back
mechanisms
16. What organ is the control
center in receiving information
about and responding to an
imbalance?
a.
b.
c.
d.
Heart
Lungs
Uterus
Brain
B
Brain
17. The anatomical position is
a. Erect, Face forward, feet
parallel, arms and palms facing
forward
b. Laying down, face up, palms
facing up
c. Erect, posterior side showing,
palms and arms turned
backwards
A
18. Proximal and Distal are
opposite terms that are used
to
a. Relate two structures located
on an attached structure
b. Relate two structures on the
anterior side
c. Relate two structures that are
superior
A
19. The wrist is ______ to the
hand
a.
b.
c.
d.
Inferior
Proximal
Distal
Anterior
B
Proximal
The wrist is proximal to the hand
because the wrist is closer to the
point of attachment of the arm to
body than the hand is
20. The breastbone is ___ to
the spine
a.
b.
c.
d.
Posterior
Anterior
Superior
inferior
B
Anterior
21. The brain is ___to the
spinal cord
a.
b.
c.
d.
Inferior
Superior
Anterior
posterior
B
Superior
22. The lungs are ____ to the
stomach
a.
b.
c.
d.
Superior
Posterior
Inferior
Anterior
A
Superior
23. The thumb is ___ to the
fingers. (remember anatomical
position)
a.
b.
c.
d.
Medial
Lateral
Anterior
Posterior
B
Lateral
24. A section that creates
superior and inferior parts
a.
b.
c.
d.
Midsagittal
Transverse
Sagittal
frontal
B
Transverse
25. A section that splits the
body into anterior and
posterior parts
a.
b.
c.
d.
Midsagittal
Sagittal
Transverse
frontal
Frontal
D
26. The gluteal region is also
known as the
a.
b.
c.
d.
Chest
Leg
Buttock
foot
C
Buttock
27. The carpal region is
located at your
a.
b.
c.
d.
Fingers
Toes
Wrist
leg
C
Wrist
28. The function of the
respiratory system is
a.
b.
c.
d.
Breathing
Gas exchange
Pumping blood
Eliminating waste
B
Exchange Gas
29. The function of the
cardiovascular system is
a.
b.
c.
d.
Gas exchange
Nutrient absorbtion
Pump blood throughout body
Control center
C
pump blood throughout body
30. The function of the
digestive system is
a. Produce urine
b. Break down food
c. Make energy in the form of
ATP
d. Control center
B
Break down nutrients
31. The function of the
Nervous system is
a. Receive, analyze and respond
to internal and external
environment
b. Pump blood
c. Make ATP
d. Exchange gasses
A
32. The function of the
reproductive system is
a.
b.
c.
d.
Make hormones
Produce offspring
Produce ATP
Make red blood cells
B
33. The skeletal system
allows us to
a. Stand erect, move and protect
major organs
b. Maintain posture only
c. Protect organs only
d. Allows body movement only
A
35. A neurosurgeon orders a
spinal tap for a patient. Into
what body cavity will the
needle enter?
a.
b.
c.
d.
Cranial
Spinal
Thoracic
abdominal
B
Spinal
36. Which is more distal?
The knee OR the
foot
FOOT
37. Which is more lateral?
The nose/the ear
Ear
38. Which is more superior?
The neck/the chin
Chin
39. Which is more anterior?
The heel/the
toenails
toenails
40. Which is more
superficial?
the skin/skeletal
muscles
Skin
Type II Collins
6 lines
Describe a homeostatic mechanism using the following
diagram