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CHINA
G - GEOGRAPHY
THE GEOGRAPHY OF ANCIENT CHINA SHAPED THE WAY THE
CULTURE DEVELOPED. THE LARGE LAND WAS ISOLATED
FROM MUCH OF THE REST OF THE WORLD: *Asia
 DESERTS TO THE NORTH AND WEST
 PACIFIC OCEAN TO EAST
 IMPASSABLE MOUNTAINS TO THE SOUTH.
THIS ENABLED CHINA TO DEVELOP INDEPENDANTLY
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Himalaya Mtn. – Southern Border
Gobi Desert – Western Border
Huang He (Yellow River)
"China's Sorrow" terrible floods
occurred throughout history
Chang Jiang (Yangtze River)
XI (Pearl)
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The rich soil produced by
the Huang He (yellow)
called loess. Rich soil
helped farmers grow large
amounts of food .
These rivers also became
very important for trade
and transportation.
China had very fertile
valleys, but only one-tenth
of it could be farmed.
ANCIENT CHINA MAP
R- RELIGION
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Ancient Chinese honored ancestors (long dead family
members)
Mandate of Heaven – the right to rule came from the gods.
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Oracle – a prediction , a person who makes a wise prediction
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In addition to the 3 main Chinese philosophies, Buddhism
entered China after the Han Dynasty began to become less
stable.
Buddhism entered through
CULTURAL DIFFUSION; THE SPREAD
OF IDEAS FROM ONE CULTURE TO
ANOTHER.
3 MAIN CHINESE PHILOSOPHIES
Confucianism
-Confucius
-Urged people to follow the beliefs of
their ancestors
-having a sense of duty
-Golden rule
-Wrote a collection of teachings – the
Analects
-promotes peaceful society
Daoism
-Laozi
-people should free themselves from
worldly desires
-Believe that Dao is the spiritual force
behind all
-promotes peaceful society
Legalism
-Hanfeizi
-believed that humans, by
nature make evil choices,
need rules, punishments
-stresses the importance of the
legal system
- Many aristocrats supported
Legalism because it
emphasized force.
A - ACHIEVEMENTS
The Great Wall
(under the Qin Dynasty)
 Acupuncture
 (needles for treating pain)
 Waterwheels
 Silk
 Cast iron plows
 seismograph
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Paper
Rudder ships
Wheel barrow
Gun powder
Fireworks
P - POLITICS
E - ECONOMY
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SEE SILK ROAD
Traded cloth for horses
Produced
Silk
Jade
Rice
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Paper
Iron
Terra cotta
pots/goods
The Chang Jiang provided and
excellent trade route
The Silk Road
Besides silk, the Chinese also exported (sold) teas,
salt, sugar, porcelain, and spices. Most of what was
traded was expensive luxury goods. This was because
it was a long trip and merchants didn't have a lot of
room for goods. They imported, or bought, goods like
cotton, ivory, wool, gold, and silver.
S - SOCIETY
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Only boys of the wealthy
class went to school. In
ancient Chinese culture,
family and government came
before all else.
Confucianism and Daoism
both promoted a peaceful
and ethical society
Ancestors, elders and
relationships.
Women were not
treated equal to men
Monarchy government
- Emperor=
King/Queen;
Least Important=
Merchants)