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Major Chinese
Dynasties
Han Dynasty
 Established basis for Chinese
government
 Established a series of trading routes
called the Silk Road
 Silk Road connected China to central
Asia and the Middle East
What else besides goods
could travel along the Silk
Road?
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Exchange of culture and ideas
Religions
Technology
Such as.. Paper, printing, agriculture,
weapons,
What is a Middle Man?
 Traders on Silk Road did not travel entire
distance.
 Sold goods to others along the way who
continued moving the goods along
 What does that do to the price??
 Costs increase with each trade off point.
Mandate of Heaven
Do you remember
your vocabulary?
Mandate of Heaven
 Belief that the
emperor is chosen to
rule by the laws of
nature; if mandate is
lost, the dynasty
falls.
What is this?
How did this boat move?
Sui Dynasty (589-618)
Sui Dynasty (589-618)
 China becoming an empire
 Harsh Rulers- Wen Di and son,
Yang Di
 Forced labor to pay off debt
 Help Spread Buddhism
Grand Canal
How was this canal made?
Great Wall of China
The Great Wall of China
 Originally built during the Warring States
Period (476 BC - 221 BC) to Ming
Dynasty (1368-1644) –(2,000 years)
Dynasty
 Was built to keep nomadic tribes
(outsiders) from raiding China’s riches
 Protected the Silk Road and traders
Review Questions
 How did the Sui Dynasty govern China?
 Emperors Wen Di and Yang Di are
remembered for harsh rule.
 Forced many peasants to fight in army
or work on public works projects.
What belief systems did
this dynasty encourage?
 Encouraged the practices of Buddhism,
Confucianism and Daoism.
Tang Dynasty (618-907)
Silk Road Reopens
 The Tang Dynasty gave China its
greatest expansion. Most significant
expansion was in the West because it
allowed the reopening of the Silk Road.
Tang Dynasty (618-907)
 Silk Road reopened for trading w/
West
 Culture & Technology flourish
 Buddhism attacked b/c too powerful
 Peasants chance to gain wealth
Tang Technology
More Technology
 Fireworks
 spaghetti
Silk Road Route
Song Dynasty (906-1279)
Song Dynasty (906-1279)
 Problems w/ neighbors
 Empire loses land
 Govt. based on Civil Service
Exam
 Confucianism disapproves of
merchants
Civil Service Exam
Examination hall with 7500
cells, Guangdong, 1873.
Yuan Dynasty (1279-1368)
Yuan Dynasty (1279-1368)
 China under Mongolian rule—Kublai
Khan
 Maintained Chinese form of govt.;
top officials foreigners
 Chinese treated poorly
 Marco Polo visits
Kublai Khan & Marco Polo
Ming Dynasty (1368-1644)
Ming Dynasty (1368-1644)

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
Chinese rebel b/c of discrimination &
high taxes
Emperor Hong Wu revives China:
1. Absolute power
2. Beats incompetent & corrupt
officials
3. Civil Service Exam used again
Builds fleet to trade throughout Asia
Emperor Hong Wu
(r.1368-1398)
Zheng He’s & Colombus’
Ships
Silk Road & Sea Routes
Forbidden City
Ming Legacy
Qing Dynasty (1644-1912)
Qing Dynasty (1644-1912)
 Manchurians invade & take over
China
 Imposed Manchu dress & hairstyles
 Allows Christians to enter China;
later throws them out
 Europeans arrive, causes major
problems
Emperors Kangxi
&Qianlong
Europeans
“Ocean Devils”
Relationship with
Europeans

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1516 Portuguese arrive
Chinese not prepared for Europeans
Portuguese rob Chinese ships”ocean devils”
Foreign countries can only trade if bow down to
Emperor
 Trade only 3 months of year
 British demand more trade, China denies it,
eventually leads to Opium Wars
People’s Republic of China
(1912-Present)
Resources
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http://www.chinahighlights.com/map/index.htm 8/27/06
Carr,Karen. “Kublai Khan.”
http://www.historyforkids.org/learn/china/history/mongol.htm 8/27/06
Portland State University 1998-2006
“Marco Polo.”
http://academic.brooklyn.cuny.edu/core9/phalsall/images/marcpolo.jpg
6/2/99 8/27/06
“Great Wall of China.” http://www.hctravel.com/CHINAGreat%20Wall%20ofr%20China%203.jpg 8/27/06
“Grand Canal.” http://www.chinapage.com/canal.html 8/27/06
“Chinese Printing Press.” http://library.thinkquest.org/23062/print4.jpg
8/27/06
“Chinese Paper.”
http://www.historyforkids.org/learn/china/literature/pictures/earlypaper.jpg
8/27/06
“Civil Service Exam.”
http://www.csupomona.edu/~plin/ls201/confucian3.html 8/27/06
Google images maps of China
Resources
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“Examination Cells.” http://www.answers.com/topic/exam-cells-large-jpg
8/27/06
Ying, Qiu. “Civil Service Candidates.” c. 1540.
http://www.answers.com/topic/civilserviceexam1-jpg 8/27/06
“Hongwu Emperor.”
http://www.china.org.cn/english/features/zhenhe/131459.htm 8/27/06
“Ming Vase.”
http://academic.brooklyn.cuny.edu/core9/phalsall/images/mingvase.gif
8/18/05
“Forbidden City.”
http://www.asianinfo.org/asianinfo/china/pictures/forbidden_city.jpg
8/27/06
“Qianlong.” http://www.asianart.com/exhibitions/forbiddencity/index.html
8/27/06