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Transcript
Kendra Simmons
11/29/11
Chapter 11
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Aboriginals- the original or first people to inhabit a place
Kritis- Hindu religious songs that are sung in praise of a particular god or gods
Overtones- the series of faint tones that are generated when any one tone is sounded
Harmonics- a series of tones generated by the fundamental tone
Conjunct- a melody formed by successive pitches of the scale
Disjunct- a melody formed by intervals larger than a second
Mass- liturgy
Chorale- hymn tune
Chorale Preludes- compositions that served as introductions to the singing by the
congregation
Cantata- an accompanied vocal work in a number of movements with a sacred or a
secular text
Counterpoint- the combination of two or more related melodies to create a harmonic
texture
Gospel Music- spirited songs accompanied by tambourines, drums, and piano
Qawwali- rhythmic, fast-paced music is used by groups of Muslims called
Sufis
Chapter 12
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National Anthem-a song of praise or devotion to one’s country
Protocols- rules of diplomatic or state etiquette
Lakalaka- the national dance of Tonga
Compound Meter- a division of the pulse into groupings of three segments
Heterophony- a musical texture that occurs when melodic variants of the same tune are
performed simultaneously
Chapter 13
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Drone- a continuous note of fixed pitch serving as permanent bass
Opus- a term designating a musical works or set of works
Dirge- a slow, mournful hymn or lament
Gamelan Gambang- a Balinese sacred instrumental ensemble
Contrafactum- compositional technique of writing new lyrics to an existing melody
Chapter 14
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Opera- a staged drama that is predominantly sung, most often with orchestral accompaniment
Arias- songs for a solo singer and orchestra
Recitative- sung conversation between characters to help advance the story line
Opera Seria- a serious form of opera with lofty heroic themes from history and mythology
Opera Buffa- comic opera
Verismo- a style of Italian opera with realistic portrayals of everyday life
Libretto- the text of an opera or musical, including dialogue and lyrics
Fermata- the sustaining of a pitch
Pathos- the feeling of sympathetic pity or compassion for a character
Chapter 15
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Operettas- stage plays with songs and dance interspersed with spoken lines
Broadway Musical- a dramatic stage form that combines the arts of acting and singing
Vaudeville- an early staged variety show that included songs, dances, and comedy skits
Dialogue- the spoken lines of a play or musical show
Repertoire- an inventory of compositions mastered and performed by a musician
Monologue- a dramatic speech or song delivered by one character in a play
Motive- a short musical idea that is easily remembered and helps unify a composition