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Transcript
Name: ______________________ due date: ________
CH. 7 ORGANIZATION OF THE PERIODIC TABLE
Study Guide (Ch. 7-1 &7-2)
Properties of the Periodic Table- Define these terms:
Conductivity: ___________________________________________________________________
Malleability: ____________________________________________________________________
Luster: ________________________________________________________________________
List properties and facts for each type of element below:
Metals:
Semimetals:
Nonmetals:
1.
1.
1.
2.
2.
2.
3.
How are semimetals used in
everyday life? _____________
________________________
3.
Where are metals found on the
periodic table?
(left/right/staircase)
________________________
Examples of metals:
______________________
Where are semimetals found on
the periodic
table?(left/right/staircase)
________________________
One example of a semimetal:
________________________
Where are nonmetals found on
the periodic table?
(left/right/staircase)
________________________
Examples of nonmetals:
________________________
Label (and color, if you wish) the blank periodic table below with the words:
Group
Period
Metals
Staircase
Nonmetals
Group Number
Semimetals (metalloids)
GROUP FACTS:
1. Why are group numbers so important? __________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
2. Why is hydrogen in Group 1 if it is a nonmetal?_____________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
3. Which groups are considered reactive? Why?
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
4. Why are Group 18 elements so unreactive? _______________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
5. Why are the transition metals called the “transition metals”? _________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
6. What is the significance of the “staircase”? ______________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
7. Why are there two rows of elements at the bottom of the periodic table? ________________
_______________________________________________________________________
CH. 7-2 HOW ELEMENTS ARE DISCOVERED AND NAMED
8. Elements with the atomic number 93 and greater are called synthetic elements. What are
synthetic elements?________________________________________________________
9. How are the heavier synthetic elements created? (Hint: transmutation, particle accelerator)
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
SAMPLE MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS:
10. Which characteristic is typical of a solid nonmetal element?
a. brittle
b. good electrical conductor
c. good heat conductor
d. shiny
11. Which group of elements most readily combines with Group 17 elements?
a. Group 1 b. Group 2 c. Group 17 d. Group 18
12. Which element can be assumed to be the least malleable as a solid?
a. silicon
b. potassium c. bromine d. all of the above