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Transcript
Answer these questions on a piece of
notebook paper.
1. Would you be adventurous enough to
leave your life behind and sail across the
world to an unknown place?
2. What possible rewards might come from
exploring the seas for new lands?
3. What are the risks involved in embarking
on a voyage into the unknown?
Europeans Explore the
East
Chapter 3 Section 1
Learning Goal and Rubric
4. Analyze and describe the causes of the European
Age of Exploration.
3. Describe the causes of the European Age of
Exploration.
2. List the causes of the European Age of
Exploration.
1. With help, list the causes of the European Age of
Exploration.
0. Even with help, no success.
Europeans Exploring the East
• Europeans began to see themselves in the
world differently, thanks to the
Renaissance and Reformation.
• They saw the many great opportunities
and the desired three things:
• These are summed up by the phrase: For
“God, Glory, and Gold”
1. Wealth
• Those who had power and
wealth (kings and merchants)
wanted more.
• Merchants wanted new
sources of spices and other
trade goods.
• Europeans were tired of
paying Italians and Muslims
for their trade goods.
• Kings and merchants wanted
to find their OWN sources of
wealth, spices, etc.
2. Religion
• Christian Europe saw the need and duty to spread
Christianity to the rest of the world.
• They thought that they could spread Christianity,
make money, and learn about the world all at once.
• Groups like the Jesuits began traveling to preach.
• “To serve God and His Majesty, to give light to
those who were in darkness and to grow rich as all
men desire to do.”
• Bartholomeu Dias, Portuguese explorer
3. Technology
• The Renaissance looked to man’s potential
• Technology took this potential to explore
the world
• New technology made navigation in the
open ocean possible
• Triangular sail (made it possible to sail
against the wind) from Muslims
• The astrolabe (from Muslims) and the
magnetic compass (from the Chinese)
made navigation easier
• All of these were put to work on the
Caravel (a new type of ship)
Answer these questions on the same
piece of notebook paper as 1-3.
4. What do you think of the Europeans’
desire to get rich, spread Christianity, and
their new tech as reasons to explore the
world?
5. Should they combine these three?
6. What concerns would you have about
combining these three goals in one
mission?
Learning Goal and Rubric
4. Analyze and describe the causes of the European
Age of Exploration.
3. Describe the causes of the European Age of
Exploration.
2. List the causes of the European Age of
Exploration.
1. With help, list the causes of the European Age of
Exploration.
0. Even with help, no success.
The Portuguese Reach India
• Portugal was the first in Europe to make its way
down and around the tip of Africa and into the
Indian Ocean.
• They established small trading outposts along
the coasts.
• Gov’t support, for example through, Prince
Henry (the Navigator) let them have the
resources needed to explore.
• Henry made a navigation school; trained many
people in areas that would help exploration.
• In 1497, Vasco da Gama made it to India; amazed
at the wealth and spices there. The Portuguese
valued this new route to Asia.
The Spanish Play Catch Up
• In 1492, Christopher Columbus accidentally landed in
the Caribbean and thought it was Asia.
• Columbus was trying to find a sea route across the
Atlantic directly to Asia. America was in the way.
• Portugal and Spain started to argue about the land
that was being explored and the Pope stepped in to
settle the dispute. The Pope drew a line north to
south that divided the world into two parts. In 1494,
the Treaty of Tordesillas was signed by the two
nations that would guide the settling of the
Americas.
Learning Goal and Rubric
4. Analyze and describe the causes of the European
Age of Exploration.
3. Describe the causes of the European Age of
Exploration.
2. List the causes of the European Age of
Exploration.
1. With help, list the causes of the European Age of
Exploration.
0. Even with help, no success.
Trading Empires in the Indian Ocean
• Portugal took over the domination
of the Indian Ocean trade from the
Italians and Muslims.
• Portugal established forts, outposts,
and ports in India, Africa, and
Indonesia. They became rich on the
spice trade and grew powerful.
• Spain wanted in on the action as
well.
• Spain began to settle in the
Philippines in 1565.
• The French got involved as well, but
did not have much luck.
Trading Empires in the Indian Ocean
• Soon, the English and the Dutch got involved as well.
• They both had companies that they put in charge of
the trade. They were called the East India
Companies. They controlled the trade and even had
their own armies and navies.
• The Dutch (from the Netherlands) had a huge fleet
of 20,000 ships. They controlled the Indian Ocean
trade in the 1600s and their capital, Amsterdam
became one of the richest cities in the world.