Vol. 1 No. 5 GENEVA Our library has only January & February newspapers from 1861, but it is such an important year in American history I decided to do an issue for that year. It is, of course, the year that our civil war started. In the absence of news on that subject the L.G.O.T. offers a Civil War Quiz designed for the average person, not war buffs. I think you will find it interesting. In the 1860s slavery, which federal law did not prohibit, was a controversial issue, but a secondary, some would say primary, issue was that of states rights versus the preservation of the union. During the winter of 1860-1861, South Carolina seceded from the union, followed by Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia and Texas. D.T. Lincoln’s Inaugural Address. Fellow Citizens of the United States: In compliance with a custom as old as the Government itself, I appear before you, to address you and to take, in your presence, the Oath prescribed by the Constitution of the United States. Apprehension seems to exist among the people of the Southern States, that by the accession of a Republican Administration their property, prosperity and personal security are to be endangered. There has never been any reasonable cause for such apprehension. I declare that I have no purpose, directly or indirectly, to interfere with the institution of slavery in the States where it exists. Those who nominated me and elected me did so with the full knowledge that I had made this declaration, and more than this, they placed in the platform for my acceptance, as a law to themselves, and to me, the clear and emphatic resolution which I now read: Resolved, That the maintenance inviolate of the rights of the States, especially the rights of each State to order and control its own domestic institutions according to its own judgment exclusively, is essential to that balance of power on which the perfection and endurance of our political fabric depends, and we denounce the lawless invasion by armed force, MIRROR of any State or Territory, no matter what pretense, as among the gravest of crimes. * * If the United States is not a government proper, but an association of States in the nature of a mere contract, can it as a contract be peaceably unmade by less than all the parties who made it? One party to a contract may violate it, but does it not require all to lawfully rescind it? Descending from these general principles we find the proposition that in legal contemplation, the Union is perpetual, confirmed so by the history of the Union itself. …in 1787 one of the declared objects for ordaining and establishing the Constitution, was to form a more perfect Union. It follows from these views that no State upon it own mere motion, can lawfully get out of the Union, that ordinances to that effect are legally void, and that acts of violence, within any State, against the authority of the United States, are insurrectionary or revolutionary. I therefore consider that in view of the Constitution and laws, the Union is unbroken, and to the extent of my ability, I shall take care that the laws of the Union be faithfully executed in all the States. * * A Photograph of South Carolina (from the New York World.) South Carolina presents a curious spectacle. An exchequer without funds, a State that dreads taxation; a legislature that hesitates to subsidize, while it declares its liberties, its danger, and invokes revolution; a people who repudiate their debts to the distress of their neighbors; a banking system that refuses to redeem its own notes; a State that rebels against laws whose repeal they never demanded; whose revolution is not in favor of freedom, which has always been the case in every other country, but a revolution in favor of extending slavery into territories now free. 1861 POETRY KISSES. Sitting to-night in my chamber, A bachelor, frigid and lonely, I kiss the end of my pipe-stem -That, and that only. Reveries rise with the smoke-wreaths, Memories tender surround me, Girls that are married -- or buried, Gather around me. School-girls in pantalets romping; Girls that have grown to be misses; Girls that like to be kissed, and like to give kisses. Anna was tender and gentle; to woo was almost to win her; Her lips were as good as ripe peaches, and milk for dinner. Charlotte, and Susan, and Hattie, Mary Jane, Lucy and Maggie; Four are married and plump, two are Maiden and scraggy. Thus I sit smoking and thinking; A bachelor, frigid and lonely; I kiss the end of my pipe-stem; That, and that only. Home Collegiate Institute – We see by the Whitewater Register an act has been passed by the Legislature incorporating an institution of learning in the thriving village of Whitewater, under the name of Home Collegiate Institute. We are glad to know that the people of Whitewater understand their true interests and have the enterprise to promote them, by the establishment of a Literary Institute of such a character in their midst. May success attend their efforts in that direction. Revival meetings will continue in the Presbyterian Church in this place; and we have good reason to believe that the untiring efforts of the Ministry here have been four-fold rewarded. Scores have been made happy by making their peace with God. Local Items Having recently added to our Job Department a choice selection of new job and card types, we can supply all demands, on short notice, in a neat and tasty manner. JOB WORK! SOLD OUT! Hubbard and Meigs have sold out their stock of hardware to John Haskins, who intends, we believe, to occupy the same store formerly owned by them. THANKS.—Mr. Quigley will please accept our thanks for a pitcher of excellent champagne cider. CIVIL WAR QUIZ for non-war buffs 1. How long did common people believe the war would last? 1, 2, 3 or 4 years 2. In what state did the northernmost battle engagement take place? West Virginia, Indiana, Vermont, Oregon 3. In the civil war novel “Gone With The Wind”, who was Scarlett’s last husband? Charles Hamilton, Rhett Butler, Frank Kennedy, Brent Tarlton 4. What sport became popular during the Civil War? baseball, soccer, basketball, wrestling 5. Provisions for the soldiers did NOT include what? chicken, beans, salted beef, dried vegetables The wife of a citizen of Geneva, Walworth County, and three children, died from the effects of a poison administered in their food. A servant girl confesses to the deed, alleging that it was her intent to poison the whole family, and that her object was to get the husband’s money. Racine Journal. The above, we think, is certainly an item of news to the citizens of our quiet village.- Surely we have not been advised of any such nefarious transaction. The statement of the Journal is itself demurable. It don’t “state facts sufficient to constitute a cause of action.”The idea that any one man hereabouts has money enough to induce even the most depraved to commit such a crime is preposterous. The Republicans of Geneva have determined to ballot for postmaster, on the 4th inst. E. B. Farnum gave public notice that he was not a candidate. – Oshkosh Northwestern. And after all was done, Mr. Farnum claims to be elected, as there were only seventy-four votes polled for all other candidates, against six hundred who did not vote at all. The latter class, Mr. Farnum claims as his supporters. Dissolution of Co-Partnership We understand that the copartnership heretofore existing, under the firm of MOODY & FARNUM, is dissolved. The business will be conducted hereafter by E. B. Farnum, at the old stand, next to J. J. Dewey’s. 6. Which battle is considered the turning point of the war? Shiloh, Gettysburg, Vicksburg, Bull Run 7. How much did the Civil War cost the U. S. government? $2 billion total, $2.5 million a day, $1.3 million a year, $2,000 a day 8. Which of these diseases was NOT common among soldiers? measles, scurvy, typhoid fever, flu 9. Which state did NOT seek secession from the union? Louisiana, Tennessee, Kentucky, Texas 10. What famous Civil War figure said, “ I failed. I failed. And that is all that can be said about it.” Abraham Lincoln, U. S. Grant, Robert E. Lee, Jefferson Davis 11. What was done for the first time in the Civil War that led to the worst rioting in U. S. history? A federal merchant fleet, centralized banking , the draft, war bonds 12. What modern day institution was created under Lincoln to save the Union money thus funding the war effort? centralized banking, department of transportation, casino gambling, war department 13. During the Civil War many State Militias were formed. What became of them after the war? They disbanded. They blended into the regular army. Most of them were wiped out. They were formed into the National Guard. 14. Which of these industries is credited for winning the war for the north? railroads, shipbuilders, ammunition, construction 15. Why did Birmingham, Alabama, not contribute a single soldier to the Confederate army? Mr. Lincoln’s Cabinet In the selection of the legal and official advisors of the new President, says the Free Democrat, nearly every distinct element of the Republican party is represented, while every prominent [Republican] candidate for the Presidency, upon whose defeat Mr. Lincoln’s success was built, has thus been made an almost equal sharer in the honors and responsibilities of the new administration. This is no accidental circumstance, but a stroke of consummate policy and statesmanship. And the selections are not less just and proper than politic. The names of Seward, Bates, Chase and Cameron had been pressed upon the party by their respective adherents, for their eminent fitness and ability. They have all, as well as the other members of the cabinet, been recognized as the first minds of the age, as statesmen and patriots without superiors, and as men and citizens without stain or reproach. The annunciation of this Cabinet closed every open fracture in the fabric of the party. [This sounds good, but for the real scoop on Mr. Lincoln’s cabinet, go to www.mrlincolnswhitehouse.org and select “cabinet”. It is an interesting read.] KENOSHA & ROCKFORD R. R. A meeting held in our village on Tuesday evening, to take into consideration the subject of making a connection by the above named Road, with the Wis. Central R. R. at Genoa. A committee was appointed to confer with B. W. Raymond, who has the sole charge of the Central Road, asking him to favor the proposed arrangement. The meeting adjourned until next Tuesday evening, expecting in the mean time, to ascertain what the Chicago & Galena Co. are willing to do. Without indicating any of the advantages or disadvantages which might grow out of such an arrangement, we would say to our citizens that a connection with the Kenosha Road might produce nothing but galvanic life after all, and that we may sooner or later be left in a more hopeless condition as regards Rail Road Conveniences, than we are at present. A GLASS FOOT OR TRANSPARENT CLOTH PRESSER – As the Sewing Machine is Answers to Quiz 1. 1 year. 2. Vermont. (In October 1864 Lieutenant Bennett Young and twenty Confederate soldiers traveled across the border from Canada and captured the town of St. Albans, Vermont. Lieutenant Young with a gun drawn said, "This city is now in the possession of the Confederate States of America.") 3. Rhett Butler 4. baseball. 5. chicken. 6. Gettysburg. 7. 2.5 million a day. 8. flu (That problem was enormous in WWI) 9. Kentucky 10. Abraham Lincoln. (Said right after his Gettysburg address.) 11. the draft. 12. centralized banking. 13. National Guard. 14. railroads. (The boom period of railroad building was during and right after the Civil War.) 15. because Birmingham was not founded until the 1870’s. NEWS. The Weather.—The Thermometer Thursday afternoon of this week, stood 18 degrees below zero; at 6 1/2 o’clock zero. Friday morning at 19 degrees below zero. The varience of the weather teller in about 19 hours is 40 degrees. We must have had a warm gust from Charleston about that time. Waft on ye gentle breezes. “Strike, but Hear.” To the Russian Censorship over the press, has been added an article, obliging all editors of newspapers and periodicals to print gratis, the replies of parties they have been attacked in their columns. New York Independent. I know nothing of the other articles alluded to, but the above is surely a good mode of checking the vile slanders often circulated in newspapers. F. FOCHS We will accede to this, friend F., providing such articles bear no fictitious signatures and sail out under true colors. A man by the name of Leary was murdered in a drunken row, at Racine, Feb. 28th. RAISINS 10 lbs for one dollar at, Moody & Farnum’s . becoming of such interest to every family, we feel called upon to name to the public this valuable improvement recently attached to the Wheeler & Wilson machine. A Sewing Machine is not complete without it. It can only be had with Wheeler & Wilson’s Machines. – Chicago Journal Sold by Wm. R. Davis, Geneva, Wis DIED. In the village of Geneva, 19th, ult. MARY F., daughter of HENRY and MARY M. VAN BRUNT. Aged 5 years and 5 months. Farwell beloved Mary, Thou art an angel now – Safe in the arms of Jesus – A crown is on thy brow. NEW ADVERTISEMENTS. New BARBER SHOP – Frank Jones has just opened the “one thing needful” – a Barber Shop, for the benefit of the public. Shop over Moody & Farnum’s Drug Store. NOTICE. My Wife, Hellen Steidcer, has this day left my bed and board without cause or provocation. I therefore forbid all persons from harboring her or trusting her on any account, as I shall pay no debts of her contracting after this date. Geneva, Jan. 31st, 1861 CHARLES STEIDCER. J. Simmons CLERK OF THE CIRCUIT COURT Elkhorn, Walworth County, . . . . Wis. BANK OF GENEVA. E. D. Richardson, - - - - - - Banker, D. R. MAY, - - - - -Cashier, Will buy and sell Exchange, GOLD and SILVER, and uncurrent BANK NOTES – make collections and attend to all other matters pertaining to the BANKING BUSINESS. The Lake Geneva Old Times is sponsored and financially supported by the Lake Geneva Historic Preservation Commission. Each issue represents one year of authentic old news. It is free to the public. The public may obtain copies at the Library, First Bank, Grandma Vickie’s Café, Dunn Lumber, Pick-N-Save & Starbucks. Back issues can be purchased for 50 cents each. Editor, Denny Teichow, 262-248-6313.