Download S1936879815019998_mmc1

yes no Was this document useful for you?
   Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Document related concepts

Size-exclusion chromatography wikipedia, lookup

Biochemistry wikipedia, lookup

Proteolysis wikipedia, lookup

Point mutation wikipedia, lookup

Fatty acid synthesis wikipedia, lookup

Peptide synthesis wikipedia, lookup

Metabolism wikipedia, lookup

Citric acid cycle wikipedia, lookup

Hepoxilin wikipedia, lookup

Butyric acid wikipedia, lookup

Specialized pro-resolving mediators wikipedia, lookup

15-Hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid wikipedia, lookup

Lactate dehydrogenase wikipedia, lookup

Electronic Supplement
Vasomotor Function Comparative Assessment at 1- and 2- Years Following
Implantation of the Absorb Everolimus-Eluting Bioresorbable Vascular Scaffold
and the Xience V Everolimus-Eluting Metallic stent in Porcine Coronary Arteries
Figure A: Mechanical properties over time of the Absorb bioresorbable vascular scaffold.
Panel I: Poly-l-lactic acid is a semicrystalline polymer (70% crystallinity) consisting of amorphous tie chains linking
the semicrystalline phased polymer. Panels II&III: Degradation occurs predominantly through hydrolysis and is bulk
degradation from the inside out depending on the concentration of ester bonds, water and carboxylic acid end
groups. Polylactides are relatively hydrophilic thus water diffuses into the less dense amorphous regions of the
implant and hydrolyses the ester bonds. Random chain scissions occur at this stage leading to a reduction of the
polymer molecular weight. Continuous cleavage of the amorphous tie chains linking the crystalline regions cause
reduction in the radial strength of the scaffold causing visible structural discontinuities. Phase IV: Polymer chains
which have been hydrolyzed to short lengths diffuse out of the implant (mass loss) as they are increasingly
hydrophilic and soluble in aqueous solution. Following these sequential stages oligomeric poly lactic acid molecules
hydrolyze to lactic acid monomers which deprotonate (release of a proton [H+]) to lactate. Lactate is converted to
pyruvate and enters the citric acid cycle which is further metabolized in CO2 and H20 excreted through lungs and
kidneys respectively.
Figure B: QPCR gene data showing fold change of functional endothelial cell markers and smooth
muscle cell phenotype markers in DES and BVS groups after 12 months. No differences (>2-fold
change and P<0.05) were found in the levels of all functional endothelial cell markers and smooth
muscle phenotypic markers.