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Ch 5 Study Guide Questions, Set #1 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. What is meant by the statement “man is the measure of all things?” Why did many modern artists, such as Paul Gauguin, call Greek art “a lie?” What occurred in the eighth century BCE that allowed for a reemergence of art and culture? What are some of the distinguishing elements of the Geometric period? How does the Dipylon cemetery krater mark a significant turning point in the history of Greek art? How did the artist of the Hero and centaur statue, address the issue of creating a mythological creature that he had, obviously, never seen? What Eastern (Egyptian and/or Ancient Near East) influences can you identify in the Mantiklos Apollo and the Corinthian black-figure amphora? Explain the black-figure painting technique. Who was Daedalus and for what was he known? What are the central features found in the Lady of Auxerre and the kouros that make up the Daedalic style? What are kouros and kore? How do they differ from their Egyptian prototypes? How does the artist indicate the maturity of the Calf Bearer? What is the purpose of the Archaic smile? Contrast the Peplos Kore and Kore from the Athenian Acropolis to the Lady of Auxerre. Explain how these two statues appear much more naturalistic. How do Greek temples differ in function to the Egyptian temples from which they were drawing inspiration? Explain the Greek obsession with proportional order in relation to architecture. What are some of the disadvantages of the ridgepole design in Archaic temples? How does the artist of the West pediment from the Temple of Artemis at Corfu address the issue of sculptural figures within the awkward shape of the pediment? Out of what tradition do the felines from the West pediment of the Temple of Artemis at Corfu come? What is gigantomachy and for what is it a metaphor? What is different about the decoration of the Francois vase than the Dipylon krater? How do Kleitias and Ergotimos conform to the conventions of figural representation? How is the amphora of Achilles and Ajax playing a dice game the very “antithesis” of previous kraters? What connection exists between the figures and the vessel? Explain what is meant by “bilingual” vases? What are the advantages of the red-figure technique? How does Euphronios create a sense that his figures actually occupy space? Contrast the Temple of Aphaia with the Temple of Hera I. What changes can be seen that mark the transition to the Classical period? Consider the two Dying warriors from the Temple of Aphaia. Explain how one is rooted in the Archaic period while the other belongs with the Classical period. From which event do art historians date the beginning of the Classical age? 29. What is unusual about the seer from the Temple of Zeus? 30. Explain why art historians refer to the Early Classical period as the “Severe Style.” Use the metope of Athena, Herakles, and Atlas in your answer. 31. Explain contrapposto as seen in Kritios Boy. Why is this so revolutionary? 32. Briefly explain hollow-casting of bronze through the lost-wax method (see insert p. 131). 33. How does Myron create a sense of tension in the figure of Diskobolos? 34. Polykleitos created Doryphorus as a demonstration piece. What was he demonstrating? How has Greek statuary evolved from the kouros to Doryphorus? 35. How did Pericles work to establish Athens as the dominate city-state of Greece? 36. How has the Athenian acropolis evolved over time?