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Social Studies Study Guide
Chapter 7: Ancient Rome
Lesson 3: The Roman Empire
Matching
Directions: Match the term on the left with the definition or example on the right. Write the
appropriate capital letter in the space provided. (Pages 232-239)
1. ______ Augustus
2. ______ census
3. ______ civil war
4. ______ Cleopatra
5. ______ Colosseum
6. ______ dictator
7. ______ gladiator
8. ______ Julius Caesar
9. ______ Pax Romana
10. ______ Pompeii
11. ______ Pompey
A city burned by the eruption of a
volcano.
A. A count of people living in the
empire.
B. A period called “Roman Peace” that
lasted 200 years.
C. A powerful general of Rome and
Caesar’s main enemy.
D. A Roman general who became
dictator in 45 B.C.
E. A war between groups within one
country.
F. An Egyptian Queen that joined forces
with Caesar.
G. An enormous stadium for gladiator
games.
H. Slaves or criminals forced to fight for
entertainment in arenas.
I. Someone who rules with absolute
power.
J. The first emperor of Rome.
Questions
Directions: Answer each of the following questions in complete sentences and in cursive.
Pages: 232-239
1. How did Julius Caesar and the Senate struggle for power over Rome? (p. 233)
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2. Why did Caesar join forces with Cleopatra? (p. 233)
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3. How did Julius Caesar make important changes in Roman life while he was dictator? (p.234)
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4. Why did civil war follow Caesar’s death? (p. 234)
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5. What power did Augustus gain when he became emperor? (p. 234)
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6. What was the Pax Romana, and why was it important? (p. 234)
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7. Why do you think new public buildings, including theaters and baths, were built during
Augustus’ rule? (p. 235)
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8. How do we know about life in Pompeii? (p. 236)
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9. How would an archaeologist be able to identify a house of a rich family from that of a poor
family? (p. 236)
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10. How did the use of arches improve Roman buildings? (p. 238)
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11. EXPLORING ECONOMICS: What might the construction of Roman roads suggest
about ancient Romans? (p. 238)
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12. What was the effect of the Pax Romana on the Roman Empire? (p. 238)
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