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Artificial Intelligence
Austin Luczak, Katie Regin, John Trawinski
What is AI?
● Artificial intelligence is the intelligence
exhibited by machines or software.
● It is based on the assumption that the
process of human thoughts can be
Main Goals of AI
● The central goals of AI are for computers to have:
o Reasoning
o Knowledge
o Planning
o Learning
o Natural language processing
o Perception
o Ability to move or manipulate objects
● In simpler terms the goal is to create a computer that is as
intelligent and functionable as a human being.
History of AI
● Classical Period
o Many scientists from different fields started discussing the idea of
creating an artificial brain. (1943)
o Turing Test (1950) - Paper by Alan Turing that proposed that
machines are able to think.
o In 1951 many researchers started writing game-playing programs for
games such as chess, and checkers.
o By the early 60’s the machines achieved sufficient skill to challenge a
respectable amateu.
● Romantic Period
o During the Romantic Period, researchers were focused on teaching
machines to understand
History of AI Cont.
● Romantic Period Cont.
o It included teaching computers how to understand and represent
o An early example of this is the program ELIZA
● The Modern Period
o Although it is called the modern period it is not the most recent period
o This period is devoted to solve more complex, practical problems,
such as predicting medical problems.
● Post-Modern Period
o The post modern era stretches through the 90’s into the 2000’s and
covers the creation and modification of the internet and its
History of AI Cont.
● Current Period
o A current example of AI is social media which is also known as Web
o AI is also used in big data applications, such as cars that can drive
● Future
o The future of AI revolves around the invention of Web 3.0.
o We can’t be certain what Web 3.0 will entail however a common belief
is it will be a combination of data mining, machine learning and
recommendation agents.
 In other words, computers will be able to understand information
in order to make user interactions easier and more personable.
The Dartmouth Conference
● The Dartmouth Conference took place in 1956 and was where the field of
AI research was essentially founded and where the term Artificial
Intelligence was coined.
● The people who attended became known as the leaders of artificial
intelligence research for decades.
● They truly believed within a generation they could build a computer that
had comparable knowledge to a human.
● These researchers went through several AI summers and winters, which
refer to the level of interest and funding at a certain time.
o Summers had a high level of interest and high amounts of funding,
while winters were the opposite.
Applications of AI
● Deeply ingrained into our infrastructure
● Used in a wide range of industries and fields
● Often applied in finance, medicine, writing
and customer service
AI Applications in Finance
● Organize operations, make investments,
manage properties and optimize portfolios
● Use of artificial neural networks to detect
AI Applications in Medicine
● Organize bed schedules and staff rotation in
● Artificial neural networks used in clinical
decision support systems
o Concept Processing
● Interpretation of medical images and heart
sound analysis
AI Applications in Writing
● Natural language generation (NLG) takes
data and translates it into natural language
● Companies use this to gain quick insights
into their data
AI in Customer Service
● Automated online assistants use natural
language processing
● Answering machines in call centers