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Transcript
Atomic Structure
Element: matter that is composed of one type of atom.
Elements are abbreviated in scientific shorthand- either a letter or a pair of letters
called a chemical symbol. Ex- Aluminum =Al Copper=Cu
Atom- smallest piece of matter that still has the properties of the element.
Protons- positive charge (1+)
Neutrons- no charge-neutral
Electrons- negative charge (1-)
Nucleuslocated in
center of
atom
Consist of
protons &
neutron.
Electrons
surround the
nucleus
Electron
Cloud-current
model which
shows
electrons traveling in specific energy levels around a nucleus, electrons closest to
nucleus have low energy, electrons farther away have high energy.
Electrons in Energy Levels
Energy Level in Atom
Max # of Electrons