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Transcript
Patented May 13, 1952
2,596,200
STATES PATENT OFFICE
2,596,200
BDLYNALENT ALKYLENE IMINE EsfrEnsj
Anna moon es, (in PREPARING THEM‘
Herbert,
Bastian, Frankfurt-on-the-Main-Hochst,
Germany; assig'nor‘ "to Farbwerke Hoechst ‘vor-‘~
inals“Me'ister Lucius & Bruning, Frankfurt-on:
the-Main-Hochst, Germany, a manufacturing
and; trading organization under the laws of ‘the
v_ " Qontrol; Council and Allied High Com
Np Drawing. Application May 26, 1949, Serial No,
In Germany October 1,1948” "
13 Claims. (01. 260-239)
1
2
The present invention relates to polyvalent
may be obtained by reaction of C-allgylethanol
atlilgzylene imine“esters‘__'and“ a" process “or preparing
imine sulfuric acid esters with aqueous solutions
of alkaline hydroxides.
"'I have found that new polyvalent a,;3-alkylene
’ '
According to ' the ‘reactivity of1 the ole?nic
imine compounds may be obtained by addition 5 double bonds the addition takes place already at
room temperature. or it is veer-‘start to heat the
of ‘ 'chg-alk'yleri'e '‘ imin‘es t‘ " d,B-_olé?ne' carboxylic
acid esters‘ ofpolyh‘ydi‘icj alcohols. '
'
“ Suitable a‘gfi-olet?ne 'carboxylic ' acid esters are,
components for a shorter or longer time at an
elevated temperature. In some cases, the appli
for ni’staiieef'rhe" crotonic acid'esters ofthe fol
cation of solvents or diluents may‘ be advanta
Vg, ‘compoundsi ethyleneglvcol, propylene 1Q geous.
It is often advisable‘ t'o'e?ecjt the addition
glycol; 1,3-"an‘q' i.4-butylene "glycol, 1.6-‘hex'a
methylene’ glycol, dihydroxy'diethyl"ether, dihy
with an excess of a,/3-alkylene imine which, at
the same time, serves as diluent. Thereby, the
pentaerythrite orth'e like. ~‘Instead of the cro
reaction is terminated more quickly and the ex
cess of alkylene imine may easily be recovered by
drdzi‘yidjéthyl ‘sumdg‘gmceroi; ‘1.3,5-h‘exanetriol,
t'o?ic' acid ‘esters ‘there mayal‘so" be‘ used theesters 15
distilling.
of the polyhydric alcohols of the following e434
ole?ne carboxylic acids: acrylic acid, methacrylic
acid, tielic acid, a?-dimethvlacrylic. acid, ‘it-Wan"
crotonic. acid, sorbic acid, a-cyansorbic acid, cin
namm acid or. the like:
‘ "
AS ar?'alkylgll‘. imingé 15.1.1?” ‘P331 he mentioned.
be?iqtsl
11-??12 sites
tihyléll‘iimi?tii
are‘??? the temple
“ ' ' ‘
‘1
'
(JJHFJTQH
I
'
activity, the use of catalysts may be of advan
tage. There enter into'question' only neutral or
alkaline catalysts, for‘ instance,‘ metal salts of
20 saturated or unsaturated carboxylic acids, alco
holates such as sodium‘ methylate, aluminium
ethylate, furthermore, sodium arriide or the like.
According to the present invention compounds
with several functional groups are obtained which
correspond to the following general formula:
"
'
R I’O—-C O-—R1—N/’
,
1
3.0
315
,
cal, the carbon chain of which may be inter
rupted by oxygen or' sulfur, R1 ‘stands for a low
molecular aliphatic, araliphatic or isocyclic hy
OHa
drocarbon radical, R2, R3, and R4 stand for hydro
llgdimethylethylene imine of the formula
gen or low-molecular alkyl radicals and n is an
OH:
'
40
/0
oHi"l\-'NH
at the .farmtla
integer from 2 to 4. The most interesting of
these compounds are those with two functional
groups which correspond to the formula:
/
R2
1%:
45
(Irma-1GB
'
‘a
wherein R stands for a polyvalent organic radi
cal, especially'for an‘ aliphatic hydrocarbon radi
awutylsne time oi
,CHhCH
the
ilzbiiirlethrlem,
2“ 1
\QQE
‘
“N11
'
In case of compounds of particularly slow re~
E-Q
“NH
/
.R,(
J
~34
wherein R, R1, R2, ‘R3, and R4 have the
and other 1.2-alkylene imines which, for instance, 50 meaning."
Com'poundsdhe functional groupsnf
.
.,
,
i
.
..
ab?“
2,596,200
3
labile alkylene imine ring they have a high
stability which is shown, for instance, by the fact
that the may be heated to 200° C. without chang
ing.
which derive from ethylene imine are of particu
lar importance.
The following compounds may be prepared
according to this invention: the product obtained
by condensation of ethylene imine with the reac
tion product of crotonic acid and ethylene glycol
which corresponds to the following formula:
CH1
The new alkylene imine esters may be used for
various purposes, for instance, in the industries
of textiles, plastics and varnishes.
The following examples serve to illustrate the
invention but they are not intended to limit it
CH2
10
Céa Ha
In the above formula, the group
H:
CH2
thereto, the parts being by weight unless stated
otherwise:
(1) 198 parts of acrylic acid 1.3-butylene ester
(prepared from 2 mols of acrylic acid chloride
and 1 mol of 1.3-butylene glycol) are slowly in
troduced into 100 parts of ethylene imine, while
stirring. By cooling with ice water, care is taken
that the reaction heat will be removed. The
whole is‘allowed to stand at room temperature
for 24 hours and, subsequently, the bias-eth
ylene imino propionic acid-1.3-butylene ester, ob
tained with a‘quantitative yield and correspond
ing to the following formula:
is distilled under reduced pressure. It boils at
The group
C H:
\
153° C. under a mercury pressure of 0.1 mm. The
.
compound is easily soluble in water and the usual
N-oH-oHP-c o-o- .
solvents.
2
H8
30
(2) 198 parts of ethylene biscrotonate (pre
as indicated above, may be replaced, for instance,
pared from 2 mols of crotonic acid and 1 mol
of ethylene glycol) and 86 parts of ethylene imine
by
’
are mixed intimately. The temperature rises
.
CH2
7
'
nearly up to the boiling point. As soon as the
\N——CHi—CHi—C 0-—O—
at heat tune decreases, the mixture is heated at
0%:
100° C. for 24 hours. Except for a small part,
the ethylene imine has been ?xed to the crotonic
CH2
acid ester. The bis-p-ethylene imino butyric
acid ethylene ester obtained which corresponds to
/N-—CH:—CH—C
0-0
H:
C H:
$0 the following formula:
'
CH3
CH1
’
'
l\N-CH-CH2-C O-Q-OHz-CHz-O-C O—CHz—CH-N/
‘
2
Ha
'
He
CH2
45 boils at a temperature between 150° C. and 160°
C. under a mercury pressure 0.5mm.
(3) 452 parts of lA-butylene biscrotonate (pre
pared from 2 mols of crotonic acid and 1 mol of
1.4-butylene glycol) and 258 parts of ethylene
50 imine are intimatelymixed. 2 parts of sodium
methylate are added and the whole is heated
under re?ux 75°C. for .48 hours on the water
bath. By a suitable closing device the carbonic
acid'of the air is excluded from the reaction mix
ture. When the heating on the water-bath is
Compounds with 3 or 4 functional groups are 55 terminated, a test portion must be miscible with
_ derived correspondingly from
water to a clear solution. This being the case,
the excess of ethylene imine is distilled off and
Glycerol=HO-CHg-(EEP-CHq-OH
_
OH
.
the ethylene imine ester which has been formed
1. a.5=hexanetno1=H0-CHl—CH1—?H-(3H,~—GH—CH:
OH
H
and
60 is
distilledimino
underbutyric
reducedacid
pressure.
The bis-B
ethylene
1.4-butylene
ester
of the formula
on,‘
.
_
Pentaerythnte=0
-
.
on,
i N—-CH—-CH:-—C O—'-O-—-CHa—CHr-CHz-CHa-C o-o—orn—oH-N/[
/
H:
H:
>
H:
\
(1E1
0112-011
distils over at between 162° C. and 165° C‘. under
CHPOH
a mercury pressure of 0.2 mm.; it is obtained
CHrLOH
CH
O
with a nearly _quantitati_ve yield _as_ a color
70 less liquid which crystallizes on standing for a
prolonged period of time; the crystallization may
2- H
be accelerated by the introduction of a crystal
The alkylene imine esters obtainable accord
nucleus.
ing to this invention are for the major part oily
(4) While stirring and cooling, 1'72 parts of
compounds which are easily soluble in‘ nearly
all solvents. It is surprising that in spite of the 75 ethylene imine'a're caused to run into 296 parts
2,596,200
5.
of glycerol crotonate (prepared from 1 mol of
glycerolandB mols of crotonic acid). The‘ whole
qqvergdbu assume.
bis-ia-etnyleneimine
butyrlc.» acidii-diglycclresten OI; the fprmlllei
CH2
\
o
l
‘ /‘C'H2
Namesakeo_o-cmfcm~o~om_om-o-co-cm-cn-n‘
l
H»
’
an:
on,
is allowed to standgfor 24" hours at room temper
ature and the excess of ethylene imine is dis
a feebly. yellow oiliisoibtained with an excellent
tilled" oif‘. The triethylene imine ester thus ob- '
tained which corresponds to the formula:
yield and in a. very pure state.
I claim:
'
‘
‘
t. The process which comprisesre'acting ethyl~
ene imine with ethylene-bis-crotonate.
2. The process which comprises reacting ethyl
ene imine with 1,4-butylene-bis-crotonate.
3. The process which comprises reacting ethyl
ene imine with diethylene glycol-bis-crotonate.
4. The products of the general formula
R:
01B:
is a nearly colorless oily liquid which is miscible
‘ with water to a clear solution and which may
be distilled under a mercury pressure of 0.1 mm.
at 200° C.-210° C. without noteworthy decompo 25
sition.
wherein R stands for a radical having from 2 to 4
(5) 99 parts of glycol-biscrotonate and 63 parts
valences selected from the group consisting of
of 1.2-propylene imine are heated for 48 hours at
polyvalent aliphatic hydrocarbon radicals, poly
80° C. with exclusion of the carbonic acid of the
valent aliphatic hydrocarbon radicals the chain
air. A test portion taken from the mixture easily
of
which is interrupted by oxygen and poly
dissolves in water to a solution of milky turbidity.
valent aliphatic hydrocarbon radicals the chain of
The small excess of propylene imine is separated
which is interrupted by sulfur, R1 stands for a low
by evaporation under reduced pressure and the
faintly yellow crude product is distilled under 35 molecular aliphatic hydrocarbon radical, R2, R3,
R4 stand for members of’ the group consisting of
suf?ciently reduced pressure. The bis-(p-pro
hydrogen and low molecular alkyl radicals, and n
pylene imino-butyric acid) -glycol ester of the
means an integer ranging from 2 to 4.
formula:
5. The compound of the formula
CH:
CH:
H
H
l\N-CH—CH2—C o-o-cm-om-o-c O-GHz-CH—N/l
H: CH:
H3
H2
boils at between 140° C. and 143° C. under a pres-
40
on,
H2
on,
-cH-cm~c O-O-CHa-CHz-O-C O—CHz—CH-.N/l
H3
H3
H2
6. The compound of the formula
CH2
CH2
\N-cH-cm—o
O—O—CHz—CHz-C Hi—cm~0-o O~CH2——CH—N/l
a
H:
H: \ H2
sure of 0.1 mm. mercury. It constitutes a color-
7. The compound of the formula
CH:
H2
CH:
-—CH-—OH;--OO—O—CH1—CHi—O—CH1—CH:-——O——C0-—-CHz—~CH—N/l
Ha
Ha
\ H2
less oily compound which is easily soluble in cold 55
8. The process which comprises reacting an
water. Even by feebly heating the aqueous solu
a?-alkylenimine with an ester of a low molecu
tion, the compound separates in the form of an
lar aliphatic hydrocarbon mono-carboxylic acid
oil but, on cooling, dissolves again to a clear solu
containing an ole?nic bond in a,/3-pOSitiDn and
tion. It is remarkable that the reaction of the
an alcohol having from 2 to 4 hydroxy groups
aqueous solution, as with all these compounds, 60 selected from the group consisting of polyvalent
is alkaline to delta paper and not alkaline to
phenolphthalein.
(6) 242 parts of vdiethylene glycol-biscrotonate,
prepared by esteri?cation of_p,/8'-dihydroxydieth
ylether and crotonic acid, are intimately mixed
with 129 parts of ethylene imine and the whole
aliphatic hydrocarbon alcohols, polyvalent ali
phatic hydrocarbon alcohols whose carbon chain
is interrupted by oxygen and polyvalent aliphatic
hydrocarbon alcohols whose carbon chain is in
terrupted by sulfur.
V
9. The products as claimed in claim 4, wherein
is heated for 24 hours at 70° C.-80° C. When the
reaction is performed in an apparatus without
R stands for a divalent lower alkylene radical, R2.
over-pressure, a suitable closing device must be
R3, R4 each stand for hydrogen, and n=2..
provided which prevents the carbonic acid of the 70
10. The products as claimed in claim 4, wherein
air from entering into the reaction mixture.
R stands for a divalent lower alkylene radical, R1
When a test portion taken from the mixture is
stands for an isopropylene group, R2, R3, R4 each
soluble in cold water or dilute hydrochloric acid
stand for hydrogen, and 12:2.
to a clear solution, the addition of ethylene imine
11. The process as claimed in claim 8 wherein
is ?nished. The excess of ethylene imine is re
the alcohol is a divalent lower alkylene alcohol.
2,596,200
8
V
7 12. The processas, claimed in claim _8 wherein
the a?ealkylenlmine is ethylene'imine and the
UNITED STATES PATENTS ’
Number
_
2,222,208
alcohol is a divalent lower alkylene alcohol. ‘
13. The process'as claimed in claim 8 wherein
r
2,265,416 '
the aliphatic mono-carboxylic acid is crotonlc
acid, the a,;8-alkylenimine is ethylene imine and
3
2,272,489
2,382,185
the alcohol is a divalent lower alkylene alcohol.
10
V
Name
Date
' Bestian ___________ __ Dec. 9, 1941
‘Ulrich ___________ __ Feb. 10, 1942
Ulrich ___________ __ Aug. 14, 1945
7
Hackh’s Chemical Dictionary by Grant, 3rd ed.,
7 1944, The Blakiston Company, Phila., Pa., p. 333.
The following references are of record in the
?le of thisop'atent:
>
Ulrich ___________ __ Nov. 19, 1940
OTHER. REFERENCES
HERBERT BESTIAN.
REFERENCES CITED
_
‘
‘