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Indentify The Parts of The Respiratory System and Describe The Process of Breathing 8.31 Mr. Jones 1. The function of the respiratory system is to ___________________________ and to ___________________________. 2. ________________ are the most important organs in the respiratory system. 3. Lungs connect your body with _________ _______. 4. The circulatory system carries the oxygen from your lungs to the ______________________. 5. You have _______ lungs. 6. One is in the _________ side of your chest, and one is in the __________. 7. Your ______________ lies between them. 8. Air comes into your body through your ________ and _________. 9. It travels through the _______________. 10. _______ and ________ share this passageway. 11. From the pharynx, the air moves through the ___________, or voice box. 12. A ________________ covers the larynx when you swallow. 13. This prevents __________ from going into your airways. 14. From the larynx, air moves into a large tube called the ___________, or windpipe. 15. The trachea branches into smaller tubes called ___________. 16. One bronchus goes into ________ _______. 17. In the lungs, each bronchus branches into smaller tubes called ___________ __________. 18. The bronchial tubes continue to branch and become ________________. 19. Microscopic air sacs at the end of each bronchiole are called _____________. 20. Define microscopic. ______________________________________ 21. The walls of alveoli are always _____________. 22. Many tiny ______________ act like nets and wrap around alveoli. 23. Blood returning from the rest of the body is full of ____________ ____________. 24. The artery from the heart to the lungs is the only one that is high in ____________ ___________ instead of oxygen. 25. It is called the ____________ artery. 26. Pulmonary means ____________. 27. The carbon dioxide passes ______ of the capillaries around the alveoli. 28. Carbon dioxide leaves the body when you ___________, or breathe out. 29. When you ____________, or breathe in, oxygen comes into the lungs. 30. The oxygen moves through the walls of the ____________. 31. Oxygen then moves through the walls of the tiny ___________ and into the blood. 32. The exchange of carbon dioxide and oxygen is called ______________. 33. The exchange of ____________ __________ and oxygen is called respiration. 34. A _________ carries the blood that is high in oxygen to the heart. 35. This vein is called the __________ vein. 36. The pulmonary vein is the only vein that carries blood that is high in ____________.