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World History Final Exam Study Guide Directions: Please fill this out this study guide for your final exam. All of the key terms as well as the essay questions should be completed. You should know the significance of each term, event, and person. Unification of Germany Otto Von Bismarck William I Schleswig and Holstein Austro-Prussian War France-Prussian War Realpolitik Blood and Iron Second Reich Unification of Italy Giuseppe Garibaldi Camillo Cavour Victor Emmanuel Giuseppe Mazzini Reasons Italians wanted to unite Red Shirts Russian Czars and Russian Revolution Know the important accomplishments of each czar. Alexander I Alexander II Alexander III Nicholas I Nicholas II Orthodoxy, Autocracy, Nationalism Rasputin Decembrist Revolt Bloody Sunday World War I Causes of WWI Archduke Franz Ferdinand Black Hand Gavril Princip Schlieffen Plan Alliance system Woodrow Wilson Fourteen Points Zimmerman Note Treaty if Versailles Second Battle of the Marne League of Nations U-boats Lusitania World War II Reasons the Nazis rose to power in Germany National German Workers Party Mein Kampf Fuher Adolf Hitler Herman Goring Rudolf Hess Hans Frank Robert Ley Wilhelm Frick Kristillnacht Nuremberg Laws Enabling Act Ghettos Concentration camps Nuremberg Trials Crimes against humanity Neville Chamberlin Winston Churchill Franklin Roosevelt Joseph Stalin Benito Mussolini Emperor Hirohito General Tojo Pearl Harbor Hiroshima and Nagasaki Battle of Coral Sea D-Day Battle of Dunkirk Battle of Moscow Battle of Stalingrad Iwo Jima Answer each question in paragraph form. Make sure to answer the entire question. 1. Explain in detail what Von Bismarck's policy of Blood and Iron meant. Explain the outcomes of the three wars that Von Bismarck started to unify Germany. After unification, who took control of Germany and what was the empire called? 2. Explain in detail what factors made it difficult for Italy to unify and if it would be beneficial for Italy to unify. What actions did Guiseppe Mazzini take to plant the seeds for unification? Explain in detail how Camillo Cavour unified Italy and what patriotic decision Guiseppe Garibaldi made. 3. Explain why Nicholas II reign as czar was a failure. Of all the czar’s we studies which one do you think had the most successful reign and why? 4. Explain how alliances helped start WWI. Explain how the war turned into trench warfare. What new military technology made WWI the costliest war in the History of warfare? 5. Explain in detail why the Nazi’s were so successful in the beginning of the war. Explain why the press called WWII the “phony war”. In May of 1940 Hitler began his assault on Western Europe how was he able to outflank France’s famous Maginot Line and explain how the British troops became trapped at Dunkirk. Winston Churchill stated, “Never in the field of human conflict was so much owed by so many to so few.” What group was he speaking about and what did the accomplish?