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World History Final Exam Study Guide
Directions: Please fill this out this study guide for your final exam. All of
the key terms as well as the essay questions should be completed. You
should know the significance of each term, event, and person.
Unification of Germany
Otto Von Bismarck
William I
Schleswig and Holstein
Austro-Prussian War
France-Prussian War
Blood and Iron
Second Reich
Unification of Italy
Giuseppe Garibaldi
Camillo Cavour
Victor Emmanuel
Giuseppe Mazzini
Reasons Italians wanted to unite
Red Shirts
Russian Czars and Russian Revolution
Know the important accomplishments of each czar.
Alexander I
Alexander II
Alexander III
Nicholas I
Nicholas II
Orthodoxy, Autocracy, Nationalism
Decembrist Revolt
Bloody Sunday
World War I
Causes of WWI
Archduke Franz Ferdinand
Black Hand
Gavril Princip
Schlieffen Plan
Alliance system
Woodrow Wilson
Fourteen Points
Zimmerman Note
Treaty if Versailles
Second Battle of the Marne
League of Nations
World War II
Reasons the Nazis rose to power in Germany
National German Workers Party
Mein Kampf
Adolf Hitler
Herman Goring
Rudolf Hess
Hans Frank
Robert Ley
Wilhelm Frick
Nuremberg Laws
Enabling Act
Concentration camps
Nuremberg Trials
Crimes against humanity
Neville Chamberlin
Winston Churchill
Franklin Roosevelt
Joseph Stalin
Benito Mussolini
Emperor Hirohito
General Tojo
Pearl Harbor
Hiroshima and Nagasaki
Battle of Coral Sea
Battle of Dunkirk
Battle of Moscow
Battle of Stalingrad
Iwo Jima
Answer each question in paragraph form. Make sure to answer the entire question.
1. Explain in detail what Von Bismarck's policy of Blood and Iron
meant. Explain the outcomes of the three wars that Von Bismarck started to
unify Germany. After unification, who took control of Germany and what was
the empire called?
2. Explain in detail what factors made it difficult for Italy to unify and if it would
be beneficial for Italy to unify. What actions did Guiseppe Mazzini take to
plant the seeds for unification? Explain in detail how Camillo Cavour unified
Italy and what patriotic decision Guiseppe Garibaldi made.
3. Explain why Nicholas II reign as czar was a failure. Of all the czar’s we
studies which one do you think had the most successful reign and why?
4. Explain how alliances helped start WWI. Explain how the war turned into
trench warfare. What new military technology made WWI the costliest war
in the History of warfare?
5. Explain in detail why the Nazi’s were so successful in the beginning of the
war. Explain why the press called WWII the “phony war”. In May of 1940
Hitler began his assault on Western Europe how was he able to outflank
France’s famous Maginot Line and explain how the British troops became
trapped at Dunkirk. Winston Churchill stated, “Never in the field of human
conflict was so much owed by so many to so few.” What group was he
speaking about and what did the accomplish?