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Nationalism Take Home
7-3.2 Nationalism
Vocab: define each term using red workbook pg 176-182
1. Nationalism
2. Guerilla Warfare
3. Militarism
4. Kaiser
5. Chancellor
Effects of the Napoleonic Wars
• As Napoleon conquered people in Europe his soldiers
spread ideas about Enlightenment and French customs
• People he conquered felt loyal to their own countries
and wanted self-rule
• Nationalism spread through Europe.
• People were loyal to those who had shared culture,
history, language, religion and nationality
• Everyone wanted ‘Liberte, Egalite, Fraternite’ (liberty,
equality, fraternity)
7-3.2 Congress of Vienna
• All lands taken by Napoleon were returned to the nations
they belonged to
• Monarchs were given back their thrones
• Citizens were unhappy and wanted a change in government
• Liberals and radicals will lead revolutions in 1848
• The peoples feelings of nationalism caused two types of
• Unification: people of common culture from different states joined
• Separation: groups split off from their government to form one
that was more representative
Changes in France:
• They went back to absolute
monarchy and the people revolted
(Charles X and Louis-Philippe)
• The people created a republic
• France got a president and a
• Louis-Napoleon (Napoleon’s
nephew) elected as president then
names himself emperor
• He made improvements in France
7-3.2 German Unification
• Wilhelm I wanted to unite Prussia and the German states
• He appointed Otto Von Bismarck to strengthen the army
and help defeat neighbors, he ruled by realpolitik:
• Using ‘militarism’ and focused on ‘blood and iron’ rather than
speeches and votes
• With Bismarck leading the army Prussia was able to defeat
Austria and Denmark and France.
• Convinced the southern German states to join a unified
• 1871 Wilhelm I became Kaiser (emperor) and Bismarck
became chancellor (chief minister) of Germany
• What are the pros and cons of a
country based on militarism?
7-3.2 Italian Unification
• Nationalism caused leaders to want to unify people with
similar cultures into one nation
• Camillo di Cavour led unification in Northern Italy
• Kingdom of Piedmont-Sardinia was large and powerful with
a constitution, so many others in Italy wanted to unite with
• Cavour won Italian lands from Austria with help from the
• Giuseppe Garibaldi was leader of the Red
shirts in the south
• He used guerilla warfare to defeat others
• Cavor convinced Garibaldi to unite the two
sections in 1860
• King Victor Emmanuel II led the united Italy
and Rome became the capital
• Even the Catholic papal states joined Italy