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The Beginning
• Chaos was the original void of existence
(although sometimes described as being a
confusing, shapeless entity which was later
ordered, creating the cosmos. The word is
derived from the greek 'Khaos', which means
"gaping void".
Tartarus is the lowest region of the world. According to the Greek
poet Hesiod, a bronze anvil falling from heaven would take nine days
and nights to reach earth, and an object would take the same
amount of time to fall from earth into Tartarus. Tartarus is described
as a dank, gloomy pit, surrounded by a wall of bronze. Tartarus rose
out of Chaos and was the destination of wicked souls. Uranus
banished his children the Cyclopes and the Hecatoncheires to
Tartarus. it is one of the first entities to exist in the universe.
Erebus The name signifies darkness, and is therefore applied also to
the dark and gloomy space under the earth, through which the souls
pass into Hades. According to some later legends, Erebus was part
of Hades, the underworld. It was where the dead had to pass
immediately after dying.
Eros was the mischievous god of love, a minion and constant
companion of the goddess Aphrodite. A cosmic who emerged selfborn at the beginning of time to spur procreation
Gaea, the Earth, emerged from the Chaos, and gave birth to
Ouranos/Uranus, the Heaven, with whom she bore the first gods.
Gaea, the Earth, emerged from the Chaos, and gave
birth to Ouranos/Uranus, the Heaven, with whom she
bore the first gods.
 Ouranos/Uranus, the Heaven/ the personification of sky,
with Gaea, they were the parents of the first creatures, the
Titans, the Cyclopes, and the Giants (Hecatoncheires:
Hundred-Headed Ones).
 The Mountains- Spirit or God of the Mountains. Each
mountain was said to have their own. They were usually
depicted as old men rising up from the mountain side.
 Pontus- God of the Sea. In fact he is the sea, born of Earth
Mother Goddess Gaia.
Gaea and Uranus
 Cronus - Rhea - Cronus was a ruler of the universe during the Golden Age. He was
one of the 12 Titans and the youngest son of Uranus and Gaea, Cronus and his
sister-queen, Rhea, became the parents of 6 of the 12 gods and goddesses known
as the Olympians. Cronus had been warned that he would be overthrown by one of
his own children. To prevent this, he swallowed his first five children as soon as
they were born. Rhea did not like this. She substituted a stone wrapped in
swaddling clothes for their sixth child, Zeus. He was hidden in Crete, and when he
was older, he returned and forced Cronos to disgorge all the other children, who
had grown inside of him. Zeus and his siblings fought a war against Cronos and the
Titans. Zeus won, and the Titans were confined in Tartarus.
 Coeus - Phoebe - Coeus was a titan of Intelligence, the father of Leto, husband of
 Oceanus - Tethys - The personification of the vast ocean. Together with his wife
Tethys, they produced the rivers and six thousand offsprings called the Oceanids.
He ruled over Ocean, a great river encircling the earth, which was believed to be a
flat circle. The nymphs of this great river, the Oceanids, were their daughters, and
the gods of all the streams on earth were their sons.
Gaea and Uranus
• Cyclopes - The Cyclops were giant beings with a
single, round eye in the middle of their
foreheads. They helped Zeus defeat their brother,
Cronus, by forging lightning bolts. They also made
Poseidon's trident and Hades invisibility cap.
• Hecatonchires - They were gigantic and had fifty
heads and one hundred arms each of great
strength. Helped Zeus in his war against the