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The Beginning CHAOS • Chaos was the original void of existence (although sometimes described as being a confusing, shapeless entity which was later ordered, creating the cosmos. The word is derived from the greek 'Khaos', which means "gaping void". Tartarus is the lowest region of the world. According to the Greek poet Hesiod, a bronze anvil falling from heaven would take nine days and nights to reach earth, and an object would take the same amount of time to fall from earth into Tartarus. Tartarus is described as a dank, gloomy pit, surrounded by a wall of bronze. Tartarus rose out of Chaos and was the destination of wicked souls. Uranus banished his children the Cyclopes and the Hecatoncheires to Tartarus. it is one of the first entities to exist in the universe. Erebus The name signifies darkness, and is therefore applied also to the dark and gloomy space under the earth, through which the souls pass into Hades. According to some later legends, Erebus was part of Hades, the underworld. It was where the dead had to pass immediately after dying. Eros was the mischievous god of love, a minion and constant companion of the goddess Aphrodite. A cosmic who emerged selfborn at the beginning of time to spur procreation Gaea, the Earth, emerged from the Chaos, and gave birth to Ouranos/Uranus, the Heaven, with whom she bore the first gods. Gaea, the Earth, emerged from the Chaos, and gave birth to Ouranos/Uranus, the Heaven, with whom she bore the first gods. Ouranos/Uranus, the Heaven/ the personification of sky, with Gaea, they were the parents of the first creatures, the Titans, the Cyclopes, and the Giants (Hecatoncheires: Hundred-Headed Ones). The Mountains- Spirit or God of the Mountains. Each mountain was said to have their own. They were usually depicted as old men rising up from the mountain side. Pontus- God of the Sea. In fact he is the sea, born of Earth Mother Goddess Gaia. Gaea and Uranus Cronus - Rhea - Cronus was a ruler of the universe during the Golden Age. He was one of the 12 Titans and the youngest son of Uranus and Gaea, Cronus and his sister-queen, Rhea, became the parents of 6 of the 12 gods and goddesses known as the Olympians. Cronus had been warned that he would be overthrown by one of his own children. To prevent this, he swallowed his first five children as soon as they were born. Rhea did not like this. She substituted a stone wrapped in swaddling clothes for their sixth child, Zeus. He was hidden in Crete, and when he was older, he returned and forced Cronos to disgorge all the other children, who had grown inside of him. Zeus and his siblings fought a war against Cronos and the Titans. Zeus won, and the Titans were confined in Tartarus. Coeus - Phoebe - Coeus was a titan of Intelligence, the father of Leto, husband of Phoebe. Oceanus - Tethys - The personification of the vast ocean. Together with his wife Tethys, they produced the rivers and six thousand offsprings called the Oceanids. He ruled over Ocean, a great river encircling the earth, which was believed to be a flat circle. The nymphs of this great river, the Oceanids, were their daughters, and the gods of all the streams on earth were their sons. Gaea and Uranus • Cyclopes - The Cyclops were giant beings with a single, round eye in the middle of their foreheads. They helped Zeus defeat their brother, Cronus, by forging lightning bolts. They also made Poseidon's trident and Hades invisibility cap. • Hecatonchires - They were gigantic and had fifty heads and one hundred arms each of great strength. Helped Zeus in his war against the Titans.