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Transcript
Complete Atomic Structure Graphic Organizer
Atoms
• Smallest possible unit
into which matter can
be divided, while still
maintaining its
properties.
-
+
+
+
+
-
-
• Made
up of:
For example, what is the
+
– protons
smallest possible unit
which a long essay can be
– into
neutrons
divided and still have some meaning?
– electrons -
Complete Atomic Structure Graphic Organizer
Protons (+)
• Positively charged
particles
• Help make up the
nucleus of the atom
• Help identify the atom
(could be considered an
atom’s DNA)
• Equal to the atomic
number of the atom
• Contribute to the
atomic mass
• Equal to the number of
electrons
-
++
+ + ++
+ +
-
-
-
+
-
-
Complete Atomic Structure Graphic Organizer
Neutrons
-
++ +
+ + +
+ +
-
-
-
-
-
• Neutral particles;
have no electric
charge
• Help make up the
nucleus of the
atom
• Contribute to the
atomic mass
Complete Atomic Structure Graphic Organizer
Electrons (-)
• Negatively charged particles
• Found outside the nucleus in
shells ( 1st = 2, 2nd = 8, 3rd = 8 or 18,
etc…)
• Smaller than protons and
neutrons
• Equal to the number of
protons
• Involved chemical bonding of
other atoms
-
++ +
+ + +
+ +
-
-
-
-
-
-
Complete Atomic Structure Graphic Organizer
Hydrogen (H) Atom
• Notice the one electron in the first orbital
+ =1
-
=0
-
=1
+
Even though there are no neutrons present,
Hydrogen is still considered an atom
How many
more
electrons
can fit in
the 1st
orbital/
level?
Complete Atomic Structure Graphic Organizer
Oxygen (O) Atom
• Notice the two electrons in the first orbital/level
and the six in the second
+ =8
=8
-
-
=8
++ +
+ + +
+
+
-
-
-
-
How many
more
electrons
can fit in
the 2nd
orbital/
level?
Complete Atomic Structure Graphic Organizer
Sodium (Na) Atom
• Notice the two electrons in the first orbital/level,
eight in the second, and one in the third
-
+ = 11
= 12
-
-
= 11
++ +
+ + +
+
+
-
-
-
-
-
How many
more
electrons
can fit in
the 3rd
orbital/
level?
Complete Atomic Structure Graphic Organizer
The Atom’s “Center”
• Protons and neutrons are grouped together to
form the “center” or nucleus of an atom.
Notice that the electrons are not apart of the nucleus
-
+
-
+ +
-
Complete Atomic Structure Graphic Organizer
Atomic Number
• The number of protons in the nucleus of an atom
-
-
+
++
What would be the
atomic number of
this atom?
-
Complete Atomic Structure Graphic Organizer
Mass Number
•
•
The total number of protons and neutrons in an atom’s nucleus
Expressed in Atomic Mass Units (amu)
– Each proton or neutron has a mass of 1 amu
What would be the mass
number of this atom?
+
-
 3
 4
+
++
3 protons + 4 neutrons =
a mass number of 7 amu
Why did we not account for the
electrons when calculating the
mass number?
-
-
The Atoms Family - Atomic Math
Challenge
Atomic Number
Symbol
Name
Atomic Mass
Atomic number equals the number ofprotons
____________ or
electrons
________________.
protons
Atomic mass equals the number of ______________
+
neutrons
_______________.
Assignment: Finish the rest of the worksheet. Come up front when
finished for a stamp!