Download SPAG letter Y1. - St George`s Hanover Square CE Primary School

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TELEPHONE: 020-7629 1196
FACSIMILE: 020-7641 4920
E-Mail: [email protected]
Head Teacher: Mrs Judith Standing
Tuesday 1st November 2016
Dear Parents of Year 1 children,
As you may be aware, there is a greater emphasis on spelling and grammar
under the new National Curriculum which now applies to all year groups from
Year 1 to 6. We shall be building up the children’s knowledge and
understanding of these important elements of language throughout our
lessons and will cover skills in spelling, vocabulary, grammar and punctuation.
There are lists of commonly misspelt words which are now statutory for all
children to know, spelling patterns and rules to know and apply and a much
greater emphasis on grammatical knowledge including the use of technical
terminology to describe language.
As in Reception, children’s confidence in phonics is key to gaining
independence in writing. Those ‘words to learn’ or tricky words given here are
those words which are commonly used do not follow the phonic patterns
which might be expected. These need to be learned and practised to aid
accuracy in spelling. Please refer to the tips on how to remember spellings as
these are great ways to help your child commit some of these words to
To support your child with the spelling and grammar, we are providing lists of
spellings and rules which will be covered. Year 1 children will also be revising/
learning the spelling patterns and rules from Reception where necessary.
Your child will be given words to learn each week which are from these lists to
practise at home in their spelling record books. For your reference, the
previous year’s content is included to give a guide as to what your child is
expected to know at the start of the year. Additionally, I have also included
the next year’s content so you can see where they will be heading.
We hope this will be useful to you in supporting your child. As always do
please ask your child’s teacher if you have any questions.
Yours sincerely,
Petra Slater
Year 1 Spelling Patterns and Rules
Having learnt at least one way to represent each sound, the children in Year 1
are taught that the same sounds can be made by different groups of letters,
for example: oy and oi (as in 'toy' and 'coin') and will be taught alternate
spellings for known sounds. They will also look at how the same groups of
letters can make different sounds, for example: ea in 'bead' and 'bread'. In
addition they will be taught the following:
• Use of split digraphs for long vowel sounds eg o_e as in 'rope’; a_e as in
• Words ending –y sounding ‘ee’ eg happy, family
• New consonant spellings ph and wh eg elephant, wheel,
• Using k for the /k/ sound before e eg skin, sketch
• Adding the prefix –un eg unfair, unhappy
• Compound words eg football, farmyard, bedroom
• Words ending ff, ck, zz, ll, ss such as 'fluff', 'luck', 'buzz', 'fill' and 'kiss'
• Words ending ‘nk ‘such as 'bunk' and 'sink
• Words with – tch pattern eg fetch, kitchen
• Words ending with ‘v’ sound spelled with -ve eg have, drive
• Adding s and es to words (plural of nouns and the third person singular of
verbs) eg run/runs; fox –foxes; catch – catches
• Adding the endings –ing, –ed and –er to verbs where no change is needed
to the root word eg hunting, hunted, hunter
• Adding –er and –est to adjectives where no change is needed to the root
word eg quicker, quickest
Year 2 Spelling Patterns and Rules
• /dj/ sound spelt as -ge and –dge and ‘g’ before e,i,y eg edge, age, huge,
giant, magic
• ‘s’ sound spelt with c before e, i and y eg race, city
• ‘R’ sound spelt wr at the beginning of words eg write, wrong
• Silent letters k, g and w at the beginning of words eg 'knock', 'know' and
• Words ending -le, -el, -al and il eg ‘apple’, middle, 'tunnel', 'animal', 'pencil'
• The /aɪ/ sound spelt –y at the end of words eg cry, reply
• The /ee/ sound at the end of a word spelt – ey (donkey, monkey)
• The /ʒ/ sound spelt ‘s’ as in treasure, television, usual
• Verbs ending y which then changes to ies and ied eg 'copy', 'copies' and
• Dropping the e off the end of a word when adding -ing, -ed, -er as in
'hiking', 'hiked' and 'hiker'
• Words which need a consonant to be doubled before adding -ing, -ed (as
in 'pat', 'patting', 'patted')
• Unusual uses of vowels, such as 'o' being used for the 'u' sound ('other') and
'a' being used for the 'or' sound ('warm')
• Words containing suffixes (groups of letters added to the end of a word)
including -ly, -ment, -ful, -ness and -less
• Words where apostrophes are used to show contractions, eg 'do not'
changing to 'don't'; can not to can’t
• The possessive apostrophe (singular nouns) eg Megan’s hair; the child’s toy;
the man’s trousers
• Words ending -tion eg 'fiction', station
• Homophones (pairs of words that sound the same but are spelt differently)
eg hear/here; their/there; son/sun; blue/blew
Please note: A very useful glossary with examples of all these terms is available
online from the Department for Education.