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‫ نموذج للملخصات البحثية إنجليزي‬: 1‫مرفق‬
The prevalence of sensorineural hearing loss among Saudi children.
Khayria A Al-Abduljawad and Siraj M Zakzou
Contact lnfo
P.O. box 105595 Riyadh 11656 Saudi Arabia
Fax: +966-1-4455293
E-mail: [email protected]
E-mail: [email protected]
Department of Radiological Sciences
Audiology & Rehabilitation
Oto-Rhino-Laryngology. Proceedings of the XVII World Congress of the International
Federation of Oto-Rhino-Laryngological Societies (IFOS). volume 1245 p199 – 204
Year of
December 2003
Type of
Full Text
Key words
Epidemiology; Sensorineural hearing loss; Children in Saudi Arabia
An epidemiological survey was carried out to identify the magnitude of the problem of
hearing impairment (H.I.) in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. A random sample survey of
10,000 Saudi children below the age of 15 from four main provinces of the country was
carried out by a team comprising an audiologist, ENT physician, a nurse and a social worker.
A questionnaire modified from (WHO/PD/HI) world Health org was used. Clinical
examination and audiological assessment using a tympanometer and a screening audiometer
(Madsen) were performed. Those who failed the test or subjects about whom there consisted
any doubt, were referred for full audiological assessment including auditory brain stem
response (ABR) in the main hospital of the province.
H.I. was found in 13% of the children surveyed. 1.27% of the children had H.I. in the left ear
and 2.26% in the right ear, whereas 9.47% had H.I. in both ears. Sensorineural hearing loss
(SNHL) was found among 142 (1.5%) of all children surveyed (1–4 in 1000). This is high
compared to other developed countries. This indicates that there is a need for more hearing
and speech centers to care for those who have H.I., for training of personnel, parents'
education and public awareness.