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Transcript
Introduction to Health Science
UNIT 4- REGULATORY SYSTEMS
Endocrine System
Lecture Notes
THE BASIC FUNCTIONS OF THE ENDOCRINE SYSTEM
1. Glands release their products (____________________) ____________________
2. ____________________
a. ____________________than those of nerve impulses
b. Effects may last up to ____________________
3. ________________________________________ processes throughout the body
a. ____________________
b. ____________________
c. ____________________
d. ________________________________________
BASIC STRUCTURES AND FUNCTIONS OF THE ENDOCRINE SYSTEM
Pituitary Gland
• ________________________________________
Hangs from the ____________________
• Often referred to as the “____________________”
________________________________________
Pituitary Hormones
• ____________________ (____)
Produced by the ____________________
Stimulates the production of ________________________________________
• ____________________
Stored in ____________________
Stimulates ____________________during childbirth
Helps to __________________________________________________________
Thyroid Gland
• ____________________gland
• Located in the neck just below the ________________________________________
Thyroid Hormone
– ____________________
– Produced by the thyroid which ________________________________________
– ________________________________________
The ability of cells to ____________________through cellular respiration
Parathyroid Gland
• ____________________ located next to the ____________________
Unit Four – Regulatory
1
Utah State Office of Education
Introduction to Health Science
Parathyroid Hormone
• ____________________
Controls use of calcium
____________________
____________________
____________________
Pancreas
• ____________________
Located ____________________
• Considered to be an endocrine gland ____________________
Also a part of the ____________________when it produces _________________
Pancreas Hormones
• ____________________
Released when the ____________________ (glucose) is ____________________
Helps the body cells to ____________________
Helps the ____________________to convert glucose into glycogen
Helps to convert ____________________which is then stored
• Glucagon
Released when the ____________________ (glucose) is ____________________
Helps to ____________________in the ____________________
Helps the body cells to ____________________
____________________blood glucose levels
Adrenal Gland

____________________that sit on top of ____________________
Adrenal Hormones




____________________
o Helps to ____________________________________________________________
o It is known as the ________________and is released during times of ________________
o A negative aspect is that it ________________________________________
 Makes a person ____________________
____________________
o Also known as ____________________
o Makes up ____________________from the adrenal medulla
o Helps ____________________ (____________________) response or “fight or flight”
____________________
o Also known as ____________________
o Released from the ____________________, or the middle section
o Makes up ____________________from the adrenal medulla
o Helps to ____________________ (sympathetic) response or the “fight or flight”
____________________
o increased ____________________
o increased ____________________
Unit Four – Regulatory
2
Utah State Office of Education
Introduction to Health Science
o
o
o
o
o
increased ____________________
increased ____________________
increase in the ____________________
release of ____________________
____________________hands and palms
Ovary Hormones
• Found only in women
____________________
Produces ____________________
Initiates ____________________
____________________
Affects ____________________of uterus
Testes Hormone
• Only found in men
• ____________________
Controls
________________________________________
____________________
____________________
DISEASES AND DISORDERS OF THE ENDOCRINE SYSTEM
1. ____________________
a. Lifelong disease
i. Occurs when ____________________to ____________________
b. Without insulin, glucose ____________________instead of
____________________cells where it can be ____________________
i. Leads to ____________________
ii. ____________________
2. ____________________
a. Lifelong disease
i. Marked by ________________________________________that occurs
when the body ____________________to insulin
b. In other words, glucose ____________________to be used in energy production
i. They produce enough insulin but the ____________________
c. The ____________________form of diabetes
i. ____________________
Unit Four – Regulatory
3
Utah State Office of Education
Introduction to Health Science
3. ____________________
a. Onset of diabetes symptoms ____________________
i. Doesn't mean you ____________________or ____________________
4. ____________________
a. ____________________of the growth hormone ____________________
b. Results in a person who ____________________
c. May be caused by a ____________________of the ____________________
5. ____________________
a. ____________________of the growth hormone ____________________
b. Results in a ____________________
c. May be present at __________________________, ________, or
____________________
6. ____________________
a. Occurs when the ____________________produces ____________________
i. Symptoms include
1. ____________________
2. ____________________
3. ____________________
4. ____________________
5. ____________________
6. ____________________
ii. Treatment may include
1. Removal of the thyroid with ____________________
2. Replacement of ____________________
7. ____________________
a. Occurs when the thyroid gland ________________________________________
b. May result in ____________________and ____________________
c. ____________________ (early onset, infants & young children)
d. ____________________ (later onset)
Unit Four – Regulatory
4
Utah State Office of Education