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```Q1.
Peter measured the current through each of three similar bulbs in a parallel circuit.
He had only one ammeter and he placed it first at A1, then A2, then A3, in order to
measure the currents.
The table shows his results.
(a)
position of ammeter
current, in amps
A1
0.14
A2
0.16
A3
0.15
He expected the current readings to be the same for each bulb but found they were
different.
Suggest two reasons why the readings were different.
1. ................................................................................................................
2. ................................................................................................................
2 marks
(b)
Peter then measured the current at A4 and recorded it as 0.45 A. He concluded
that the current at A4 could be calculated by adding together the currents
through each of the bulbs at positions A1, A2 and A3.
Page 1 of 6
He added two more similar bulbs to his circuit, in parallel. The current through
each bulb was 0.15 A.
Use Peter's conclusion to predict the current at A4 with the 5 bulbs in the circuit.
................ A
1 mark
(c)
Peter left the circuit connected overnight. He used a datalogger to measure the
current at position A4 at regular intervals of time. The next morning the bulbs were
dim.
Using the axes below, sketch (do not plot) how the current at position A4 might
change with time.
Indicate on the graph:
(i)
The correct labels for each axis, including the correct units.
(ii)
The shape of the graph you would expect to obtain.
Page 2 of 6
2 marks
Maximum 5 marks
Q2.
John connects up the circuit shown below.
The bulb is not bright enough. His friend suggests four circuits which could be used
to make the bulb brighter.
(a)
Which is the correct circuit to use: A, B, C or D? ..............................................
Page 3 of 6
1 mark
Next John sets up circuit E and notes the reading on the ammeter.
He then places another bulb in the circuit, to make circuit F. He notes the
(b)
How will the ammeter reading in circuit F compare with that in circuit E?
The reading in F is ........................................................................................
1 mark
.......................................................................................................................
1 mark
(c)
Draw a circuit diagram in which two bulbs are lit as brightly as the bulb in circuit E,
and the ammeter reading is the same as in circuit E.
1 mark
Maximum 4 marks
Page 4 of 6
Mark schemes
Q1.
(a)
any two from:
•
manufacturing differences or bulbs are different
accept ‘different resistances’
accept ‘different ages’
•
•
dirty contacts
accept ‘bulbs were not screwed in properly’
•
unreliable or inaccurate meter
accept ‘faulty ammeter’
accept ‘different wires’ or ‘differences in the wires’
2 (L6)
(b)
0.75
1 (L6)
(c)
both axes must be labelled correctly with
both the variable and the unit
Y axis : current, in amps or A or milliamps or mA
accept ‘I , in amps’
X axis : time, in hours or minutes or seconds
accept ‘t, in hours’
1 (L7)
a line or curve from top left to bottom right
1 (L7)
[5]
Q2.
(a)
circuit A
if more than one letter is given award no mark
1
(b)
smaller or lower
Page 5 of 6
accept ‘half’
1
any one from
•
because the resistance is larger
accept ‘the resistance is smaller in E’
•
because the current has to flow through more bulbs
accept ‘because there are more bulbs’
do not accept ‘because two bulbs use up more energy’
or ‘because the current is less’
1
(c)
If the two bulbs are in series, then two cells are needed.
The ammeter may be anywhere in the series circuit e.g.
If the two bulbs are in parallel, then the ammeter must be in one of the branches of
the
circuit e.g.
1
[4]
Page 6 of 6
```
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