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August 1st~11th
서울특별시, 경기도 seoul, gyunggi-do
-서대문형무소 seodaemun prison.
: Seodaemun Prison is the prison that was built in 1907. It was founded by the
Japanese imperialism. In 1987, the prison facility was moved to Uiwang-si, Gyeonggi-do,
and it was operated as a museum and cultural asset type. Currently, the Seodaemun
Prison History Hall of Independence Park is installed in the building. It was built in the
end of the Korean empire, not only the independence movement during the Japanese
occupation but also the political upheaval and the democratization movement after the
liberation. Another name was Seodaemun detention center. It is also called a death
During the japanese colonization period, this place was confined to all Korean female
prisoners under the age of 18, and therefore, Yu Kwan-soon was also detained at the
end of the 3.1 movement, (Punishment of imprisonment) for more than 10 years. During
the 3.1 movement, 33 national representatives and many patriotic citizens and students
were imprisoned here and tortured terribly,
-경복궁 gyeungbok-palace
: Gyeongbok means that the king, his descendants, and all the people are blessed. In
1865 (2nd year of King Gojong) In the period during the Japanese colonization, many
buildings were destroyed, including the building of the Chosun governor's office.
In 1910, after the forced consolidation of Korea and Japan, Gyeongbok Palace was
damaged and lost its original shape. From 1910 to 1915, the Japanese imperial family
was destroyed and sold to the private sector.
-남한산성 namhansanseong
: The history of Namhansanseong dates back to the Three Kingdoms period.
Namhansanseong, which was once thought to be the capital of Baekjae, was known as
the castle built by King Baekje's King Onjo. During the Joseon Dynasty, various kinds of
facilities were built up and the castle was built up in the form of today's form. However,
in 1907, just before the Japanese colonial period, many buildings were damaged by the
Japanese army.
On March 27, 1919, around 300 residents of the nearby region participated in the
Hanseong Movement for the independent. In the 1930s, they became the center of
anti-Japanese national movement. In 1930, the South Korean worker inquiry organized
their activities, but it was destroyed by the Japanese occupation in 1936
-종묘 jongmyo
: The Jongmyo is a Confucian shrine that carries out rituals with the King and Queens
of the Joseon Dynasty. it is designated as Historic Site No. 125. The location is adjacent
to the Changdeokgung Palace and the south side of Changgyeonggung Palace. In the
Joseon Dynasty, they were connected to each other, but the road was broken at the
Japanese colonial period and now they are connected to the overpass.
Also, Jongmyo is a building which was built in conformity with Confucian thought that
came from China, and it can be said that it is one of representative buildings of Chosun
dynasty which emphasized Confucian values and thought. This can be said to be
representative of the characteristics of Joseon that had undergone various cultural
influences under China's subjugation.
: 충청도 choongchung-do
-유관순 열사 유적지 Yu Gwan-soon Ruins
: Yu Gwan-soon, is an independent activist during the Japanese colonial period. During
the Japanese colonial period, she led an independent movement in the Cheonan, which
was started from the 3.1 movement. she was arrested and tortured, died at Seodaemun
The yu gwan soon ruin is a cultural property designated as Historic Site No. 230. The
size of the house is about 66 square meters, the number of the facades is one, the
size of the private area is 2.45 square meters, and the number of facades is 1,600. This
place is where Yu Gwan-soon was born and grew up. On March 1, 1919, when the
March 1 Movement took place, students participated in protests in Seoul with students
of the Ewha Hadang University. When the Japanese came to school on March 13, they
came down to Byeongcheon, their hometown, and persuaded people to come up with
it. April 1 (Lunar March 1) It was the place where the torch of the long-time movement
was raised. It was appointed as the historical place in the country on October 14, 1972.
-독립기념관 Independence Hall of Korea
: 1982. At the time of the examination of Japanese high school history textbooks, the
Ministry of Education revised the contents related to Korea to favorable form to Japan,
and the history distortion issue broke out. . When this incident broke out, public opinion
in Korea said that we should be strong enough to preserve the history of the
independence movement and to inform future generations about our painful history. So
the independence memorial building was built based on the donation of 500 billion
korean won.
-무령왕릉 King Muryeong’s tomb.
: King Mureung's tomb is the site of Baekje Mureung and its queen. It was first
unearthed on July 7, 1971. A total of 2,900 artifacts, including gold coffins, gold coins,
gold earrings, stone bricks, masonry, bronze shinshu, etc., designated as national
treasures, have been excavated and are mostly kept at the National Princess Museum.
Also, the Chinese goods such as the celadon which were found in King Muleung are
not much different from those made in China at the time, and it can be seen that
international exchange was active at that time.
-정림사지 (junglim-sa) Baekje Historic Areas
- It is a Buddhist temple of Baekje period, which is located in Buyeo-gun,
Chungcheongnam-do province. It can be said that this is one of the traces of the
Buddhist monuments, and it is one of the traces that the Chosun dynasty was influenced
greatly by the Buddhist thought that came from China at that time.
:경상도 gyeongsang-do
-경주역사유적지구 Gyeongju Historical Remains Area
: Gyeongju Historical Remains Area is a Korean World Heritage site designated by
UNESCO in December 2000 and refers to the remains of the Shilla Dynasty in Gyeongju
The ruins include graveyards and temples of various kings, and the traces of many
influences in China and Japan are well represented in the style. In particular, each
district has a Buddhist statue, which shows the Buddhist culture has deeply embraced
from China and projected into various cultural properties in various fields in korea.
-해인사 장경판전 Haeinsa Temple Janggyeong Panjeon
: Haeinsa Temple was built in the 3rd year (802) of the reign of King Silla in Unified
Silla and was built with thanks for the treatment of the queen's disease with the power
of Buddha. It is one of the three major Buddhist temples in Korea.
The general style of construction of the temple is totally adapted from china. And
janggyeong panjeon is wriiten in chinese character since it was before the invention of
korea’s; own character, hangul.
-석굴암 Seokguram Grotto
: Seokguram is designated as National Treasure No. 24. In the 10th year of Silla
Dynasty (751), Kim Dae-sung, who was 51 years old, began to make it and was
completed in 20 years. The architecture and formative art of Silla are reflected. Which
the general form of it comes from china. The original name of Seokguram was 'Stone
Buddha', but it has been called Seokguram since the Japanese colonial period through
the names of 'Gogul' and 'Jojaga'.
Currently, glass walls are preserved due to the humidity problem due to the restoration of
-불국사 Bulguksa Temple
: Bulguksa Temple is a temple belonging to Jogye Order of Korean Buddhism on
Tohamsan, east of Gyeongju City, Gyeongsangbuk-do, Republic of Korea. During the Silla
Dynasty, from the Gyeongdeok to the Hyeonggeong, Since Silla, it has been contracted
several times from the Goryeo to the Joseon Dynasty, and burned down during the
Japanese invasion.
In 1592 during the Japanese invasion of 1592, Bulguksa Temple suffered enormous
damage and all wooden buildings were burnt down. Fortunately, stone statues, stone
pagodas, stone pagodas, bronze Buddha statues, and bronze statues plated with gold
remained. The architecture of Bulguksa, which can be seen today, was partly
reconstructed through restoration work between 1969 and 1973. The reconstruction was
based on the excavation and research results of the Bulguksa ruins, but it did not
reproduce the massive complex buildings of the time of the Silla era.
전라도 geolla-do
-신흥동 일본가옥 Japanese - style wooden house in sinheung-dong.
This is a two - storied Japanese - style wooden house built by a Japanese who
operated a small farm in Gunsan during the Japanese colonization. There are two
buildings in the shape of a letter T, and the Japanese style garden between the two
buildings has a big stone lantern. This is a typical Japanese-style house that gives a
glimpse into the lifestyle of Japanese landowners during the Japanese colonial period, as
well as their history. It was designated as a National Register of Cultural Properties in
2005 and serves as a sample of modern Japanese luxury housing styles. Also, Koreans
residence who were under colonial rule at that time were a great comparison with the
house they lived at the time.
-동국사 Dongguksa temple
: It is one of the few remaining Japanese temples of the country known to have been
around 500 during the Japanese colonial period. Among them, the building is the only
temple designated as a registered cultural property. Previously, it was known that there
were Japanese houses around the history of the country, but it was disappeared in 1945,
including the liberation and the 1950 war.
It is often said to be the only remaining Japanese temple in Korea, but this is not true.
To be precise, Dongguk is a Japanese temple building that preserves original features
while preserving the original shape of the building at its best. Other Japanese temple
buildings that remain in Korea are not temples anymore but the buildings are
completely left as in the case of the above footnotes. On the other hand, if the
buildings continue to function as temples, .
Of course, the use of the building itself has changed to Korean style after liberation.
But still, it’s the Evidence of unfortunate history. :
제주도 jeju island
-제주목 관아 gwan-ah
Jeju Mok-mae, which was the center of the Jeju-si ruling in the Joseon Dynasty, was
distributed in the surrounding area including the present Gwandeokjeong, After the
building was completely destroyed by fire in 1434, the building began its history. In the
following year, the building was completed in 1435, and the building was rebuilt during
the Joseon Dynasty. However, it was not able to see the traces except for Gangdukjeong
because it was severely damaged during the Japanese colonial period.
: gwan-ah is a government building where pastors who were dispatched to the Jeju-ji
Temple in the Joseon Dynasty saw their work. The current administrative area name is
43-3, Samdo 2-dong, Jeju-si, Jeju Special Self-Governing Province.
-알뜨르 비행장 Altair Airfield
: At first, the Altair Airfield was a farming and pasture farm where the people of Jeju
were farming. After the Japanese colonial period, the Japanese Joseon Army mobilized
the residents to build military airfields from the 1920s to the mid 1930s. 20 hangars, 20m
wide, 4m high and 10.5m long, were built in an airfield of 66 ha in width. In 1937, as
the outbreak of the Sino-Japanese War began, the fleet began to be used as an outpost,
and many fighters of the Omura Naval Air Corps were attacked to bomb Nanjing, a
Chinese city about 700 km away.
-지하요새 underground fortress.
: This is a place where Japanese troops built an underground fortress and has a
three-story underground structure with a total length of 2 km. Once inside, it has a
complicated structure that is difficult to determine the direction. Numerous Jeju residents
were forced to dig the tunnel, and the it was designed in a shape of a maze to allow
the air to circulate naturally. There are dozens of rooms inside, and there are places to
attract and kill enemies, and places to attract enemies and drop them into a trap.
Currently, only 15% are restored.
total budget
: average of 50,000won per single night.
: average of 8,000won per single meal
entrance fee
- seodaemun prison.: 3,000won
- gyeungbok-palace: 3,000won
- jongmyo: 1,000won
King Muryeong’s tomb: 1,500won
Baekje Historic Areas: 1,500won
Haeinsa Temple: 3,000won
Seokguram Grotto: 5,000won
Bulguksa Temple: 5,000won
gwan-ah 1,500won
underground fortress.: 6,000won
= 29,000won
1. transportation card(covers up subway and buses)
50,000won per month.
2. bus from seoul to choongchung-do
3. bus from choongchung-do to gyeongsang-do
4. ship from gyeongsang-do to jeju island
=2,398,000 won
=1,804 euro.