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1. Read Wilson’s Fourteen Points below, and as you are reading, record answers to the following: 1) Provide specific examples of Wilson's determination to promote the ideals of liberty & freedom. 2) Which groups or classes would find Wilson's ideas the most & least appealing? Explain your choices. 3) Assess the merits & faults of Point XIV in which Wilson advocates for “a general association of nations”. Merits: Mutual understanding among countries in regard to policies and any decision; for example, the Flaws: No army or peacekeepers 2. Compare some of the major aspects of the Treaty to Wilson’s ideas about the broad issues underlying each particular demand. Wilson’s speeches and his Fourteen Points Treaty of Versailles 1.German army reduced to 100,000 men and limited in many other ways. 1. IV, where Wilson says that appropriate measures must be taken to reduce national armaments for the safety of the nation 2. All Germany’s colonies become ruled by the League of Nations. 2. Point I, because in order for there to be an absence of private international relations and diplomacy throughout the world, and all decisions made under the public view, then there has to be an organization, such as the League of Nations, to serve as a platform for those decisions. 3. Germany gives/returns AlsaceLorraine to France. 4. Germany accepts full responsibility for the war and pays reparations for the war. 3. VIII, where Wilson states that all French territory should be freed and the tensions that arose from the invasion of AlsaceLorraine must be resolved 5. Some German leaders to be tried for war crimes. 4. 6. The League of Nations is created. 5. 6. point XIV, the league of nations can be likened to this point because Wilson states that there must be a “general association of nations” 3. Read the textbook excerpt on “The Drift toward War.” (pdf posted in Classroom) A. Summarize each of the major issues which caused the war. B. Think about the ways that the peace treaty dealt with these issues. C. Sum up Wilson’s responses to each of these issues. D. Make an X next to each issue which the Treaty made worse and a check mark next to each issue which it improved. Major causes of war Treaty of Versailles Fourteen Points Nationalism National rivalries Militarism/ naval race Imperialism/ Colonial Yes Disputes Alliances 4. Could the Fourteen Points have resolved the major problems which led to war? Why/how or why/how not? 5. In fact, because of isolationist forces back home, the United States never joined the League of Nations. It was one factor among many that limited the power of the League. Looking back at the major causes of the war, which ones could a powerful international organization help to resolve? Probably something like colonial disputes, especially the Balkan Wars 6. Germany was one of the first countries to declare war in the summer of 1914. They were the first nation to use chemical weapons. They were the first nation to use submarines, which violated accepted rules of warfare. Their side lost and all of their allies stopped fighting before they did. They stood at the end of the war as the most powerful nation on the losing side. a) Was it inevitable that Germany would be forced to make concessions to the winners? Why or why not? b) Were the Allies wrong to demand that Germany (and the other losing nations) pay them reparations? Why or why not?