Download BSW cardiac cycle

yes no Was this document useful for you?
   Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the workof artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Document related concepts
no text concepts found
The Cardiac Cycle
•Your heart beats approximately 70 times a minute
•The cardiac cycle is the sequence of events which make up one beat
•Each cycle lasts about 0.8 s
•Systole = contraction; Diastole = relaxation
The Sequence of Events in the Cardiac Cycle
•Heart filled with blood
•Atrial walls contract (atrial systole; 0.1s)
•Pressure increases slightly in atria
•Blood forced into ventricles through atrio-ventricular valves
•Ventricles contract (ventricular systole; 0.3s)
•Pressure increases in ventricles and forces atrio-ventricular valves to snap shut
•Blood rushes upwards into aorta or pulmonary artery
•Ventricles relax (ventricular diastole; 0.4s)
•Pressure drops in ventricle; semi-lunar valves in aorta/pulmonary artery shut, preventing
back flow
•As heart relaxes blood flows in to the atria, and trickles through atrio-ventricular valves and
into the ventricles
Complete the handout and then copy Figure 9.7 on page 124
Electrocardiograms can be used to detect the waves of excitation flowing through heart
SAQ 9.2 p126
How is the heart beat controlled?
Cardiac muscle is MYOGENIC: the cells have the capacity to beat on their own.
It is important that the cells not able to beat independently of each other
The pacemaker of the heart is the SINOATRIAL NODE (SAN)
It is a specialised group of muscle that is under nervous control (A2)
The SA node send waves of contractions to all parts of the heart
Contractions can only pass down a group of conducting fibres called the PURKINJE
If the muscle contraction is not coordinated then FIBRILLATION results
How is the heart beat controlled?