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PRETEST 1. TRUE 2. TRUE 3. TRUE 4. FALSE 5. TRUE 6. TRUE 7. TRUE 8. FALSE 9. FALSE 10. FALSE ACTIVITY 1 1. Peace in diversity, Harmony In the picture given, there are different hands making a circle surrounding the white bird or probably a dove. The tone of the hands differs from one another that symbolizes different people being as one. And the white bird symbolizes peace and harmony. Therefore, the picture depecting that different people, race, culture, and beliefs can have a peaceful life and avoiding violence by having harmony and respect to one another. 2. Personal Peace In the given picture, there is a girl meditating and manefesting her own peace of mind and soul. Seeking for inner peace and personal peace. Which, everyone should seek within ourselves to have freedom from anxiety, insecurity, shame and depression ;with this, life will be peaceful and quiet. Meditating helps to have healthier mind, soul, and body; good exercise to regain inner harmony and freedom. 3. War In the picture, there are people firing their canyon and weaons to other party to defend themselves and property. Which this means war relating to power of different groups, a misunderstanding or competition over the nations. This actions may result to death for victory. 4. War and Violence In the provided picture there is a soldier holding a gun and a fire in the background. I can say there is a presence of violence or war; in which, this is the face of a soldier in a war who finished his assignment. As seen in the picture, the is a gun looks like assault rifles with an accessory of bullets all over his body and it is a black and white picture that could have been taken years ago from wars. LEARNING TASK 1. Peace is the absence of physical and structural violence 2. Peace is the presence of justice, law, order, and government 3.Keeping the self and family whole, in view despite of various forms of brokenness that surrounds them, is a foundation of a peace culture. 4.The greatest resource for building a culture of peace are the people themselves, for it is through them that peaceful relationships and structures are created. 5.The greatest resource for building a culture of peace are the people themselves, for it is through them that peaceful relationships and structures are created. 6.Youth are seen as potentially dangerous "subjects" and policy approaches often regard them as "a problem". 7. Often, male youths in the age group 16-30 have been observed as the main protagonists of criminal and political violence. 8. What needs to be underlined is that youth should be conceptualized and studied as agents of positive peace in terms of addressing not only the challenges of physical violence, but also the challenges of structural and cultural violence, and the broader social change processes to transform violent, oppressive and hierarchical structures, as well as behaviour, relationships and attitudes into more participatory and inclusive ones. Personal Realization/Insights Peace is a necessary aspect in life which represents our values, skills, attitude, dignity, freedom, justice, culture,and law. In contrary of peace is war, chaos, death, disturbance, injustice,and suffering. This is the reason why we need to educate our youth about peace culture. Youth takes a big role in community and the future rulers of the world, if, youth do not participate in peace and order the community and its foundation is nothing. Youth are the foundation, the future, the carrier of our pride and culture; therefore, in young age teaching our young citizen about their rights, law, peace and order. However, peace starts and grows in the smallest unit of the society-family; then, broken family may cause our youth to have unstable peace of mind. Therefore, good family planning is important and educate parents the right way to handle their children, love them, educate them, and show what is peace. For the reason that, most of our youth are rebellious, lost, depressed, and trouble maker; which causes problems. While, the youths have a substantial number in the world;then, if all our young people are chaotic and as well as our community. And as a youth, I must embrace my opportunities, rights, skills, and knowledge to empower myself and other youths; to act and do something to show our love to our country; to give peace and order; to aid peacebuilding in socities recovering from conflict; to be a strong foundation of our nation. We POST TEST 1. TRUE 2. TRUE 3. TRUE 4. FALSE 5. TRUE 6. TRUE 7. TRUE 8. FALSE 9. FALSE 10. FALSE ESSAY As a youth, I have a big role in the society and I see myself involve in peacebuilding towards fair, just, and organized community system. Billions of people are affected of conflicts which are mostly underage of 30-youth; either victims or villains. However, during these past few years we have seen the activism of youth as leaders and peace builders. As a youth, I can be an agent of peace by doing some practices. As a person, we have personal issues or social views we can't address to others as we are anxious to be taken as joke. However, it is important to let ourselves to speak and stand, let people hear our voices and express our opinions. It is a good practice of independence, integrity, and leadership that can be in good use when it comes to contributing our own views and solutions. As a youth, I am present but not recognized, much prone to every youth starting in their family; our children in the family being unrecognized. Moreover, expressing our thoughts and ideas can help in decision-making, suggestions, and more ideas to be formulated in solving personal and community problems. For that reason, it is important to also enhance our knowledge and skills about peacebuilding. With the help of this peace education topic in NSTP, I have a wider knowledge about culture of peace. Honestly, I want to focus more on personal peace as my first step in building peace in the society, as it is essential to a person and to all beings to have peace of mind, clear emotions to have crystal clear intentions. One of the reasons, why our youth are chaotic and trouble makers is that they do not have personal peace and they want to be rebellious as possible. It is important to provide the youth the knowledge and skills we need to be able to be effective change-maker. In addition, as youth and voter it is important to choose and vote a potential leader to give strong governance to our country. It is my big role in the society to give a good leader that will lead our people to fair, stable, and just country. Wherein, they can see hope and provide youth empowerment than using them as a weapon which the world would believe more that our youth are the villain of crimes. As some of adults believe that youth initiatives are a threat to peace, their power and position. It is important to encourage us, the youth, to have a good term in our national government and learn about our regional and national priorities so we can help them work toward peace priorities. A good collaboration of young people and adults, having good communication to work about their common issues they face, tackle them and solve them together. It is also can be demonstrated in a family, a good communication within a family will help build peace within the home. Imagine, if all families have peace education, good communication, and great bond; then, it is much peaceful and happier life. Also, I haven't been involved yet in youth organizations; however, I love to extend my support to them as possible. By helping them when they need more hands in their project, join some charity help when I was in high school, and give support by donating some things to our victims of calamities. I believe that with my small actions I have contributed a lot too and I am planning to explore more to myself and try to add youth organizations as my interest in the future.